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Financial Sector Reforms and International Trade Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan


  • Hanif, M.N.
  • Husain, F.
  • Jafri, S.


This paper explores the relationship between financial development and international trade competitiveness in the case of Pakistan. An earlier study on this issue, Hanif and Jafri (2008), has some empirical limitations as it is based on Engle-Granger (1987) two steps procedure while dealing with multiple variables regressions. In this study we have used ARDL model by Pesaran, Shin and Smith (1999). We have also applied Johansen test for cointegration and checked the robustness of results established by the ARDL model. We have estimated the cointegration vector using Stock and Watson (1993) dynamic OLS method. We find a stable long run positive relationship between international trade competitiveness of Pakistan and its financial sector development. The estimated external finance elasticity of international trade competitiveness of textile sector in Pakistan is found to be 0.26 which is significantly higher than 0.17 estimated by Hanif and Jafri (2008).

Suggested Citation

  • Hanif, M.N. & Husain, F. & Jafri, S., 2008. "Financial Sector Reforms and International Trade Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 36730, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Jan 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36730

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    2. Ross Levine, 1997. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 688-726, June.
    3. Hanif, Muhammad N. & Jafri, Sabina K., 2006. "Financial Development and Textile Sector Competitiveness: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 10271, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Beck, Thorsten, 2002. "Financial development and international trade: Is there a link?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 107-131, June.
    5. James B. Ang, 2008. "A Survey Of Recent Developments In The Literature Of Finance And Growth," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 536-576, July.
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    More about this item


    Financial Development; Competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance


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