IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pcp/pucwps/wp00408.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Brechas de ingresos laborales en el Perú urbano: una exploración de la economía informal

Author

Listed:
  • José María Rentería

    ( Departamento de Economía de la PUC del Perú)

Abstract

La informalidad es un fenómeno ampliamente presente en la economía peruana, aunque con distintos matices. En el presente documento se explora la hipótesis de la segmentación laboral, descomponiendo las brechas de ingresos por trabajo usando una técnica no paramétrica propuesta por Ñopo (2004). Los resultados revelan que una parte considerable de las brechas de ingresos entre formales e informales de similar categoría de ocupación no se puede explicar por factores observables. Este hallazgo no permite refutar la hipótesis de la segmentación. Pese a ello, las brechas totales se han reducido durante la última década. El grupo de trabajadores independientes muestra tendencias opuestas a las del resto. JEL Classification-JEL: C14, O17 Keywords: Economía informal, segmentación laboral, emparejamiento, Peru

Suggested Citation

  • José María Rentería, 2015. "Brechas de ingresos laborales en el Perú urbano: una exploración de la economía informal," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2015-408, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00408
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD408.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Adolfo Figueroa, 2009. "A Unified Theory of Capitalist Development," Libros no PUCP / Books other publishers, Otras editoriales / Other publishers, edition 1, number otr-2009-01.
    2. Hugo Ñopo, 2012. "New Century, Old Disparities : Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11953, November.
    3. Mead, Donald C. & Morrisson, Christian, 1996. "The informal sector elephant," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(10), pages 1611-1619, October.
    4. Sangeeta Pratap & Erwan Quintin, 2001. "Are labor markets segmented in Argentina? a semiparametric approach," Center for Latin America Working Papers 0701, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    5. Adolfo Figueroa, 2009. "El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books, in: Efraín Gonzales de Olarte & Javier M. Iguiñiz Echeverría (ed.), Desarrollo económico y bienestar. Homenaje a Máximo Vega-Centeno, edition 1, chapter 6, pages 153-206, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    6. Blunch, Niels-Hugo & Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Raju, Dhushyanth, 2001. "The informal sector revisited : a synthesis across space and time," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 23308, The World Bank.
    7. repec:idb:brikps:78540 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Feige, Edgar L., 1990. "Defining and estimating underground and informal economies: The new institutional economics approach," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(7), pages 989-1002, July.
    9. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    10. Hugo Ñopo, 2012. "New Century, Old Disparities : Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11953, September.
    11. Figueroa, Adolfo, 1994. "La naturaleza del mercado laboral," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(242), pages 335-360, abril-jun.
    12. Escobal, Javier & Ponce, Carmen, 2012. "Polarización y segregación en la distribución del ingreso en el Perú: trayectorias desiguales," Working Papers 130949, Group for the Analysis of Development (GRADE).
    13. Rosa Morales & José Rodríguez & Minoru Higa & Rodrigo Montes, 2010. "Transiciones laborales, reformas estructurales y vulnerabilidad laboral en el Perú: 1998-2008," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books, in: José Rodríguez & Albert Berry (ed.), Desafíos laborales en América Latina después de dos décadas de reformas estructurales. Bolivia, Paraguay y Perú 1997-2008, edition 1, chapter 2, pages 47-115, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    14. Rosa Morales & Jose Rodriguez & Rodrigo Montes & Minoru Higa, 2010. "Transiciones laborales, reformas estructurales y vulnerabilidad laboral en el Perú," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2010-281, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    15. Barco, Daniel & Vargas, Paola, 2010. "Brechas Salariales entre Formales e Informales," Working Papers 2010-003, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    16. Martha Alter Chen, 2005. "Rethinking the Informal Economy: Linkages with the Formal Economy and the Formal Regulatory Environment," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2005-10, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    17. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-142, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Anglade, Boaz & Useche, Pilar & Deere, Carmen Diana, 2017. "Decomposing the Gender Wealth Gap in Ecuador," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 19-31.
    2. Takao FUKUCHI, 1998. "A Simulation Analysis Of The Urban Informal Sector," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 36(3), pages 225-256, September.
    3. Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2013. "Intergenerational Transmission of Self-Employed Status in the Informal Sector: A Constrained Choice or Better Income Prospects? Evidence from seven West-African Countries," Post-Print hal-01651028, HAL.
    4. Joanna Tyrowicz & Lucas van der Velde, 2017. "When the opportunity knocks: large structural shocks and gender wage gaps," GRAPE Working Papers 2, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.
    5. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo Nopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4640, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. P R Agénor, 2005. "The Analytics of Segmented Labor Markets," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 52, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    7. Anna Lukiyanova, 2013. "Earnings inequality and informal Employment in Russia," HSE Working papers WP BRP 37/EC/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    8. repec:zbw:rwirep:0263 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Aysit Tansel & Elif Oznur Acar, 2016. "The Formal/Informal Employment Earnings Gap: Evidence from Turkey," Research on Economic Inequality, in: John A. Bishop & Juan Gabriel Rodríguez (ed.), Inequality after the 20th Century: Papers from the Sixth ECINEQ Meeting, volume 24, pages 121-154, Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    10. Ather Maqsood Ahmed & Ismail Sirageldin, 1994. "Internal Migration, Earnings, and the Importance of Self-selection," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(3), pages 211-227.
    11. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Canuto, Otaviano, 2015. "Gender equality and economic growth in Brazil: A long-run analysis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 155-172.
    12. Viáfara López Carlos Augusto & Serna Alvarado Nini Johanna, 2015. "Desigualdad de oportunidades educativas en la población de 15 a 29 años en Brasil y Colombia según autoclasificación étnico-racial," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, April.
    13. Bhalotra, Sonia & Fernandez Sierra, Manuel, 2018. "The distribution of the gender wage gap," ISER Working Paper Series 2018-10, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    14. Sean Higgins & Nora Lustig & Whitney Ruble & Timothy M. Smeeding, 2016. "Comparing the Incidence of Taxes and Social Spending in Brazil and the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(S1), pages 22-46, August.
    15. Lall, Somik V. & Selod, Harris & Shalizi, Zmarak, 2006. "Rural-urban migration in developing countries : a survey of theoretical predictions and empirical findings," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3915, The World Bank.
    16. John P. Haisken-DeNew & Maren M. Michaelsen, 2011. "Migration Magnet: The Role of Work Experience in Rural-Urban Wage Diff erentials in Mexico," Ruhr Economic Papers 0263, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    17. repec:dau:papers:123456789/7080 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Avolio, Beatrice E. & Di Laura, Giovanna F., 2017. "The progress and evolution of women’s participation in production and business activities in South America," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    19. Karolina Goraus & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2014. "Gender Wage Gap in Poland – Can It Be Explained by Differences in Observable Characteristics?," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 36.
    20. Marina Bassi & Mercedes Mateo Díaz & Rae Lesser Blumberg & Ana Reynoso, 2018. "Failing to notice? Uneven teachers’ attention to boys and girls in the classroom," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 7(1), pages 1-22, December.
    21. El Badaoui, Eliane & Strobl, Eric & Walsh, Frank, 2010. "The formal sector wage premium and firm size," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 37-47, January.
    22. Paola Naddeo & Stefania Cardinaleschi, 2018. "Wage Gaps By Collective Bargaining And Firm Size In Italy," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 72(1), pages 31-40, January-M.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00408. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/depucpe.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.