IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pcp/pucwps/wp00337.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

El efecto del orden de nacimiento sobre el atraso escolar en el Perú

Author

Listed:
  • Luis García Núñez

    (Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Abstract

El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar si el orden de nacimiento tiene algún efecto sobre el atraso escolar. En este documento, el atraso escolar se refiere a la matricula de un alumno a un grado por debajo del recomendado para su edad. La potencial asociación entre el orden de nacimiento y el logro educativo aun no es claro, debido a los argumentos contradictorios y la evidencia empírica en esta materia. Usando desviaciones con respecto a los promedios del hogar, se removió el efecto de variables no observables las cuales son comunes a todos los miembros del hogar. Adicionalmente, con el fin de identificar el efecto del orden de nacimiento, se controló por la edad y el número de hermanos puesto que estas variables están fuertemente correlacionadas con el orden de nacimiento. Los resultados muestran que, en Perú, los niños que nacen primero en un hogar tienen niveles más altos de retraso escolar en comparación con niños de la misma edad y/o con otros niños de hogares con el mismo número de hermanos. Los resultados sugieren que el espaciamiento entre hermanos también afecta al retraso escolar.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis García Núñez, 2012. "El efecto del orden de nacimiento sobre el atraso escolar en el Perú," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2012-337, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00337
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD337.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sandra E. Black & Paul J. Devereux & Kjell G. Salvanes, 2005. "The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Children's Education," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(2), pages 669-700.
    2. Jasmin Kantarevic & Stéphane Mechoulan, 2006. "Birth Order, Educational Attainment, and Earnings: An Investigation Using the PSID," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(4).
    3. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 1997. "Family size, schooling and child labor in Peru - An empirical analysis," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 387-405.
    4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1992. "The Trade-Off between Child Quantity and Quality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(1), pages 84-117, February.
    5. Mette Ejrnæs & Claus C. Pörtner, 2004. "Birth Order and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Time and Education," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(4), pages 1008-1019, November.
    6. Kristin F. Butcher & Anne Case, 1994. "The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women's Education and Earnings," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(3), pages 531-563.
    7. Joseph Price, 2008. "Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(1).
    8. Behrman, Jere R & Taubman, Paul, 1986. "Birth Order, Schooling, and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(3), pages 121-145, July.
    9. Iacovou, Maria, 2001. "Family composition and children's educational outcomes," ISER Working Paper Series 2001-12, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    10. Peter H. Lindert, 1977. "Sibling Position and Achievement," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 12(2), pages 198-219.
    11. Anu Rammohan & Diane Dancer, 2008. "Gender differences in intrahousehold schooling outcomes: the role of sibling characteristics and birth-order effects," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 111-126.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Atraso escolar; orden de nacimiento; espaciamiento entre hermanos.;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00337. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: () or (Thomas Cornelissen). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/depucpe.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.