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Tax Competition for Foreign Direct Investments and the Nature of the Incumbent Firm

Author

Listed:
  • Oscar Amerighi

    () (Departiment of Economic Sciences, University of Bologna)

  • Giuseppe De Feo

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pavia)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate tax/subsidy competition for FDI between countries of different size when a domestic firm is the incumbent in the largest market. We investigate how the nature (public or private) of the incumbent firm affects policy competition between the two governments seeking to attract FDI. We show that the country hosting the incumbent always benefits from FDI if the domestic firm is a public welfare-maximizing firm, while its welfare may decrease when it is a private firm, as already shown by Bjorvatn and Eckel (2006). We also show that, contrary to the case of a private domestic incumbent, a public firm acts as a disciplinary device for the foreign multinational that will always choose the efficient welfare-maximizer location. Finally, an efficiency-enhancing role of policy competition may only arise when the domestic incumbent is a private firm, while tax competition is always wasteful when the incumbent is a public firm.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Amerighi & Giuseppe De Feo, 2012. "Tax Competition for Foreign Direct Investments and the Nature of the Incumbent Firm," Quaderni di Dipartimento 161, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  • Handle: RePEc:pav:wpaper:161
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    File URL: http://economia.unipv.it/docs/dipeco/quad/ps/RePEc/pav/wpaper/q161.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Haaland, Jan I & Wooton, Ian, 1999. " International Competition for Multinational Investment," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(4), pages 631-649, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ma, Jie & Wooton, Ian, 2017. "Market Size, Product Differentiation and Bidding for New Varieties," CEPR Discussion Papers 11943, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Tax/subsidy competition; Public firm; International mixed oligopoly;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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