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Developing countries in competition for foreign investment

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  • Goran Vukšić

Abstract

This study analyzes the competition for foreign direct investment (FDI) among countries at different stages of development. It is assumed that domestic companies in a more-developed country use more capital in production and that wages in a less-developed country are lower. Countries can compete for FDI by increasing the supply of public inputs in the economy, in addition to (or instead of) offering subsidies or tax reliefs to foreign investors. The results reveal that if governments of competing countries are not allowed to discriminate between domestic and foreign firms, there may be situations in which a less-developed economy will attract FDI depending on the labor cost differential and the responsiveness of foreign investor's and domestic companies' output to changes in the supply of public inputs. If tax discrimination between domestic and foreign firms is permitted, both countries will optimally raise the supply of public inputs, but the more-developed country will always win the foreign investment despite higher labor costs. Thus, governments of less-developed countries may have an incentive to work on an international agreement to disallow tax discrimination.

Suggested Citation

  • Goran Vukšić, 2013. "Developing countries in competition for foreign investment," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 351-376, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:22:y:2013:i:3:p:351-376
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2011.578751
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    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, January.
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