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Is the recent increase in national homicide abnormal? Testing the application of fan charts in monitoring national homicide trends over time

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  • Yim, Ha-Neul

    (The University of Texas at Dallas)

  • Riddell, Jordan R.
  • Wheeler, Andrew Palmer

    (University of Texas at Dallas)

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this study is to compare the increase in the 2015 national homicide rate to the historical data series and other violent crime rate changes. Methods: We use ARIMA models and a one-step ahead forecasting technique to predict national homicide, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault rates in the United States. Annual Uniform Crime Report data published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation are used in our analysis. Results: The 2015 homicide rate increased above the conservative prediction interval of our model, but no other violent crime increased substantially. Conclusions: Our findings concur with previous research that the national homicide rate spiked in 2015, significantly increasing from 2014, though data for 2016 – 2018 do not show a continued anomalous increase in the U.S. homicide rate. Future studies should incorporate structural variables in multivariate prediction models to examine crime trends. Data and code to replicate the findings can be downloaded from https://www.dropbox.com/sh/3086vtoqly5qho6/AABq_weh2LTMtBp426vhZ0EHa?dl=0

Suggested Citation

  • Yim, Ha-Neul & Riddell, Jordan R. & Wheeler, Andrew Palmer, 2019. "Is the recent increase in national homicide abnormal? Testing the application of fan charts in monitoring national homicide trends over time," SocArXiv 7g32n, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:7g32n
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/7g32n
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anne Morrison Piehl & Suzanne J. Cooper & Anthony A. Braga & David M. Kennedy, 2003. "Testing for Structural Breaks in the Evaluation of Programs," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(3), pages 550-558, August.
    2. Paret, Anne-Charlotte, 2017. "Debt sustainability in emerging market countries: Some policy guidelines from a fan-chart approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 26-45.
    3. Matei Demetrescu & Mu-Chun Wang, 2014. "Incorporating Asymmetric Preferences into Fan Charts and Path Forecasts," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 76(2), pages 287-297, April.
    4. Martin Fukač & Robert Kirkby, 2017. "Accounting for Uncertainty in Public Debt Targets," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 50(1), pages 89-102, March.
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