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Acceso a la Energía en el Perú : Algunas Opciones de Política

Author

Listed:
  • Arturo Leonardo Vásquez Cordano

    () (Oficina de Estudios Económicos, Osinergmin)

  • Raúl Lizardo García Carpio

    () (Oficina de Estudios Económicos, Osinergmin)

  • Dicky Edwin Quintanilla Acosta

    () (Osinergmin)

  • Julio Salvador Jácome

    () (Gerencia General, Osinergmin)

  • David Orosco Zumarán

    () (Osinergmin)

Abstract

En el presente documento de trabajo se analiza la problemática del acceso a energía en el Perú. En la primera parte, además de los antecedentes que motivaron el documento, se realiza una discusión sobre la importancia del acceso igualitario a la energía y el desarrollo. Seguidamente se discuten brevemente las opciones tecnológicas de acceso a los energéticos, incluyendo algunos avances recientes. Luego se realiza un análisis conceptual de los diferentes instrumentos que podrían usarse para lograr metas de acceso a la energía tomando en cuenta sus posibles ventajas y desventajas, incluyéndose la discusión de un fondo de acceso integral a la energía. Por último, se hace una revisión de la eficiencia de algunos de los instrumentos discutidos en países latinoamericanos. En la segunda parte se presenta un diagnóstico del acceso a las diferentes fuentes energéticas en el Perú, se discuten los instrumentos utilizados y evalúan las políticas de acceso en el Perú, incluyéndose la iniciativa recientemente aprobada por el Estado peruano sobre la creación del Fondo de Inclusión Social Energético (FISE). En los comentarios finales se precisan también algunos elementos que consideramos deben tenerse en cuenta para mejorar las políticas de acceso a la energía como la necesidad de un enfoque integral, así como evaluar la magnitud de las metas establecidas y generar información en base a estudios de demanda, perfiles de consumo, mejorar estimaciones de costos de los combustibles alternativos e incluir aspectos medioambientales.

Suggested Citation

  • Arturo Leonardo Vásquez Cordano & Raúl Lizardo García Carpio & Dicky Edwin Quintanilla Acosta & Julio Salvador Jácome & David Orosco Zumarán, 2012. "Acceso a la Energía en el Perú : Algunas Opciones de Política," Working Papers 29, Osinergmin, Gerencia de Políticas y Análisis Económico.
  • Handle: RePEc:ose:wpaper:29
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities

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