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Teenage Pregnancy Risk: the impact of parental involvement for contraception

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Abstract

Since April 1998, the only public health clinic in McHenry County, Illinois, has required minors to obtain parental consent before receiving prescription contraceptives. This study uses data on the number of births and abortions to compare changes in birth and abortion rates among minors in the county with the changes among minors in nearby counties and with changes among slightly older women. The results fail to show a significant relative decline in the birth or abortion rate among minors in McHenry County after the parental consent requirement. The failure to find a significant effect is robust to examining different time periods, looking only at non-Hispanic white or unmarried minors, and comparing minors to women aged 18-19. Some estimates that include 18-year-olds indicate a positive effect on births.

Suggested Citation

  • Madeline Zavodny & David Paton, 2006. "Teenage Pregnancy Risk: the impact of parental involvement for contraception," Occasional Papers 18, Industrial Economics Division.
  • Handle: RePEc:nub:occpap:18
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Deborah Haas-Wilson, 1996. "The Impact of State Abortion Restrictions on Minors' Demand for Abortions," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 140-158.
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    6. Deborah Haas-Wilson, 1993. "The economic impact of state restrictions on abortion: Parental consent and notification laws and medicaid funding restrictions," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 498-511.
    7. Paton, David, 2002. "The economics of family planning and underage conceptions," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 207-225, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    transaction cost; property rights; innovation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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