The Impact of State Abortion Restrictions on Minors' Demand for Abortions
Many states restrict the access of minors to abortion services. By October 1995, 27 states had enacted and begun to enforce parental consent or notification laws for minors and 34 states restricted Medicaid funding for abortions. This paper includes estimates of the impact of these enforced abortion restrictions on minors' demand for abortions between 1978 and 1990. Using four estimation methods that account for difficult-to-measure variables, such as anti-abortion sentiment, the results suggest that parental involvement laws decrease minors' demand for abortions by 13 to 25 percent and state restrictions on Medicaid funding of abortions decrease minors' demand for abortions by 9 to 17 percent.
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