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Firm-Specific Resources, Financial-Market Development and the Growth of U.S. Multinationals


  • Susan Feinberg
  • Gordon Phillips


We study the resource allocation decisions of U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs). We examine how established MNCs grow across countries and how firm-specific resources and host country financial-market development influence MNC growth. We find evidence of intra-firm trade-offs to growth in MNCs that have limited organizational capital and high R&D, and MNCs with low external and internal financing. In countries with less developed capital markets, we find significant within-MNC trade-offs to growth between affiliates and their U.S. parents. These trade-offs diminish over time as local capital markets develop. Our evidence indicates that access to financing and organizational capital are important resources for MNC affiliate growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Susan Feinberg & Gordon Phillips, 2002. "Firm-Specific Resources, Financial-Market Development and the Growth of U.S. Multinationals," NBER Working Papers 9252, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9252
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Harald Oberhofer & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2013. "Firm growth in multinational corporate groups," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 1435-1453, June.
    2. Fauver, Larry & Houston, Joel F. & Naranjo, Andy, 2004. "Cross-country evidence on the value of corporate industrial and international diversification," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 729-752, November.
    3. Ushijima, Tatsuo, 2005. "Internal capital market and the growth and survival of Japanese plants in the United States," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 366-385, September.

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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