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Foreign Equity Investment Restrictions and Shareholder Wealth Maximization


  • Rene M. Stulz
  • Walter Wasserfallen


This paper provides a theory of foreign equity investment restrictions. In a setting where the demand function for domestic shares differs between domestic and foreign investors, domestic entrepreneurs can maximize firm value by discriminating between domestic and foreign investors. The empirical implications of this theory are supported by evidence from Switzerland. In contrast to mean-variance asset pricing models, the model correctly predicts that the relaxation of foreign equity investment restrictions decreases the value of shares available to foreign investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Rene M. Stulz & Walter Wasserfallen, 1992. "Foreign Equity Investment Restrictions and Shareholder Wealth Maximization," NBER Working Papers 4217, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:4217
    Note: IFM AP

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    1. Campbell, John Y & Ammer, John, 1993. " What Moves the Stock and Bond Markets? A Variance Decomposition for Long-Term Asset Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 3-37, March.
    2. Errunza, Vihang & Losq, Etienne, 1985. " International Asset Pricing under Mild Segmentation: Theory and Test," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 40(1), pages 105-124, March.
    3. Horner, Melchior R., 1988. "The value of the corporate voting right : Evidence from Switzerland," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 69-83, March.
    4. John Y. Campbell, Robert J. Shiller, 1988. "The Dividend-Price Ratio and Expectations of Future Dividends and Discount Factors," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 1(3), pages 195-228.
    5. French, Kenneth R & Poterba, James M, 1991. "Investor Diversification and International Equity Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 222-226, May.
    6. Merton, Robert C, 1987. " A Simple Model of Capital Market Equilibrium with Incomplete Information," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(3), pages 483-510, July.
    7. Eun, Cheol S & Janakiramanan, S, 1986. " A Model of International Asset Pricing with a Constraint on the Foreign Equity Ownership," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 41(4), pages 897-914, September.
    8. Hietala, Pekka T, 1989. " Asset Pricing in Partially Segmented Markets: Evidence from the Finnish Market," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(3), pages 697-718, July.
    9. Werner Hermann & G. J. Santoni, 1989. "The cost of restricting corporate takeovers: a lesson from Switzerland," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 3-11.
    10. Bagwell, Laurie Simon, 1991. "Shareholder Heterogeneity: Evidence and Implications," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 218-221, May.
    11. Stulz, Rene M, 1981. "On the Effects of Barriers to International Investment," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 36(4), pages 923-934, September.
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