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Price Rigidities and Relative PPP

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  • Andres Blanco
  • Javier Cravino

Abstract

We measure the proportion of real exchange rate movements accounted for by cross-country movements in relative reset prices (prices that changed since the previous period) using CPI microdata for five countries. Relative reset prices account for almost the totality of the real exchange rate movements. This is at odds with the predictions of most workhorse sticky price models used to generate volatile and persistent real exchange rates. In these models relative reset prices are sluggish because relative wages are either sluggish or mean revert quickly. We show that models where movements in relative wages are persistent and track the nominal exchange rate do replicate the empirical properties of both the real exchange rate and of relative reset prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Andres Blanco & Javier Cravino, 2018. "Price Rigidities and Relative PPP," NBER Working Papers 24655, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24655
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Charles Engel, 1999. "Accounting for U.S. Real Exchange Rate Changes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 507-538, June.
    2. Javier Cravino & Andrei A. Levchenko, 2017. "The Distributional Consequences of Large Devaluations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(11), pages 3477-3509, November.
    3. Jón Steinsson, 2008. "The Dynamic Behavior of the Real Exchange Rate in Sticky Price Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(1), pages 519-533, March.
    4. Carlos Carvalho & Fernanda Nechio, 2011. "Aggregation and the PPP Puzzle in a Sticky-Price Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(6), pages 2391-2424, October.
    5. Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow & Benjamin A. Malin, 2012. "Reset Price Inflation and the Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(6), pages 2798-2825, October.
    6. Kollmann, Robert, 2001. "The exchange rate in a dynamic-optimizing business cycle model with nominal rigidities: a quantitative investigation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 243-262, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Isaac Baley & Andrés Blanco, 2019. "Aggregate Dynamics in Lumpy Economies," Working Papers 1116, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    2. Isaac Baley & Andrés Blanco, 2019. "Aggregate dynamics in lumpy economies," Economics Working Papers 1670, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    3. Isaac Baley & Julio Blanco, 2019. "Aggregate Dynamics in Lumpy Economies," 2019 Meeting Papers 903, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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