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Economic Development and the Timing and Components of Population Growth

  • David E. Bloom
  • Richard B. Freeman

This paper examines the relationship between population growth and economic growth in developing countries from 1965 to 1985. Our results indicate that developing countries were able to shift their labor force from low-productivity agriculture to the higher-productivity industry and service sectors, and to increase productivity within those sectors, despite the rapid growth of their populations. We also find that at given rates of population growth, income growth is related to the time path of population growth and that population growth due to high birth and death rates is associated with slower income growth than population growth due to relatively low birth and death rates. Hence, the timing and components of population growth are important elements in the process of economic development.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w2448.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 2448.

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Date of creation: Nov 1987
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Journal of Policy Modeling, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 57-81, (April 1988).
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:2448
Note: LS
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  1. Barbara Entwisle, 1981. "CBR versus TFR in cross-national fertility research," Demography, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 635-643, November.
  2. David E. Bloom & Richard B. Freeman, 1986. "Population Growth, Labor Supply, and Employment in Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 1837, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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