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Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation

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  • Liangliang Jiang
  • Ross Levine
  • Chen Lin

Abstract

Does an intensification of competition among banks increase or decrease liquidity creation? By integrating the dynamic process of interstate bank deregulation that lowered barriers to competition across U.S. states over the 1980s and 1990s with the gravity model of the geographic expansion of banks, we construct time-varying measures of the competitive pressures facing each individual bank. We find that regulatory-induced competition reduced liquidity creation. Consistent with some theories, we also find that the liquidity-destroying effects of competition are mitigated among more profitable banks and heightened among smaller banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Liangliang Jiang & Ross Levine & Chen Lin, 2016. "Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation," NBER Working Papers 22195, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22195
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Supriya Kapoor & Oana Peia, 2020. "The Impact of Quantitative Easing on Liquidity Creation," Working Papers 202009, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    2. Gao, Bo & Li, Junjiang & Shi, Benye & Wang, Xiaojuan, 2020. "Internal conflict and Bank liquidity creation: Evidence from the belt and Road initiative," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    3. Berger, Allen N. & Molyneux, Phil & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Banks and the real economy: An assessment of the research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    4. Jiang, Tianjiao & Levine, Ross & Lin, Chen & Wei, Lai, 2020. "Bank deregulation and corporate risk," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    5. Siddharth Jain & Partha Gangopadhyay, 2020. "Impacts of Endogenous Sunk-Cost Investment on the Islamic Banking Industry: A Historical Analysis," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-1, May.
    6. Berger, Allen N. & Sedunov, John, 2017. "Bank liquidity creation and real economic output," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 1-19.
    7. Berger, Allen N. & Bouwman, Christa H.S., 2017. "Bank liquidity creation, monetary policy, and financial crises," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 139-155.
    8. Nguyen, Thach Vu Hong & Ahmed, Shamim & Chevapatrakul, Thanaset & Onali, Enrico, 2020. "Do stress tests affect bank liquidity creation?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    9. Choi, Seungho & Gam, Yong Kyu & Park, Junho & Shin, Hojong, 2020. "Bank partnership and liquidity crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    10. Barbara Casu & Filippo Pietro & Antonio Trujillo-Ponce, 2019. "Liquidity Creation and Bank Capital," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 56(3), pages 307-340, December.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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