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Target Revaluation after Failed Takeover Attempts – Cash versus Stock

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  • Ulrike Malmendier
  • Marcus Matthias Opp
  • Farzad Saidi

Abstract

Cash- and stock-financed takeover bids induce strikingly different target revaluations. We exploit detailed data on unsuccessful takeover bids between 1980 and 2008, and show that targets of cash offers are revalued on average by +15% after deal failure, whereas stock targets return to their pre-announcement levels. The differences in revaluation do not revert over longer horizons. We find no evidence that future takeover activities or operational changes explain these differences. While the targets of failed cash and stock offers are both more likely to be acquired over the following 8 years than matched control firms, there are no differences between cash and stock targets, neither in the timing nor in the value of future offers. Similarly, we cannot detect differential operational policies following the failed bid. Our results are most consistent with cash bids revealing prior undervaluation of the target. We reconcile our findings with the opposite conclusion in earlier literature (Bradley, Desai, and Kim, 1983) by identifying a "look-ahead" bias built into their sample construction.

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  • Ulrike Malmendier & Marcus Matthias Opp & Farzad Saidi, 2012. "Target Revaluation after Failed Takeover Attempts – Cash versus Stock," NBER Working Papers 18211, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18211
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    1. repec:spr:rvmgts:v:11:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11846-016-0206-z is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:jfinec:v:126:y:2017:i:1:p:54-73 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Cu�at, Vicente & Gine, Mireia & Guadalupe, Maria, 2017. "Price and Probability: Decomposing the Takeover Effects of Anti-Takeover Provisions," CEPR Discussion Papers 12059, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Magnus Blomkvist & Timo Korkeamäki, 2017. "Financial versus strategic bidders: Evidence from unsuccessful takeover bids," Post-Print hal-01578935, HAL.
    5. Zha Giedt, Jenny, 2017. "Why Do Firms Sell Out? Separating Targets’ Motives from Bidders’ Selection of Targets in M&A," MPRA Paper 81014, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Aug 2017.
    6. repec:eee:ecolet:v:159:y:2017:i:c:p:142-144 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:jfinec:v:126:y:2017:i:3:p:614-634 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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