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A Model of Housing in the Presence of Adjustment Costs: A Structural Interpretation of Habit Persistence

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  • Marjorie Flavin
  • Shinobu Nakagawa

Abstract

The paper generalizes the Grossman and Laroque (1990) model of optimal consumption and portfolio allocation in the context in which a durable good (or house) subject to adjustment costs is both an argument of the utility function and a component of wealth. Because the Grossman and Laroque model abstracts completely from nondurable consumption, their analysis cannot address either a) the potential spillover effects of the adjustment costs of the durable good on the dynamics of nondurable consumption, or b) the implications for portfolio allocation of housing risk arising from variation in the relative price of housing. By introducing an endogenously determined but infrequently adjusted state variable, the housing model generates many of the implications of the habit persistence model, such as smooth nondurable consumption, state-dependent risk aversion, and a small elasticity of intertemporal substitution despite moderate risk aversion. Using a specification of the utility function which nests both the housing model and habit persistence, the Euler equation for nondurable consumption is estimated with household level data on food consumption and housing from the PSID. The habit persistence model (without housing effects) can be decisively rejected, while the housing model (without habit effects) is not rejected.

Suggested Citation

  • Marjorie Flavin & Shinobu Nakagawa, 2004. "A Model of Housing in the Presence of Adjustment Costs: A Structural Interpretation of Habit Persistence," NBER Working Papers 10458, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10458
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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Rouwendal, 2009. "Housing Wealth and Household Portfolios in an Ageing Society," De Economist, Springer, vol. 157(1), pages 1-48, March.
    2. Pelizzon, Loriana & Weber, Guglielmo, 2008. "Are Household Portfolios Efficient? an Analysis Conditional on Housing," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 43(2), pages 401-431, June.
    3. In Ho Song, 2013. "House Prices and Monetary Policy: Focus on The Elasticity of Intra-Temporal Substitution between Housing and Consumption," 2013 Meeting Papers 747, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Suntum, Ulrich van, 2009. "Housing, taxation and retirement provision," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 249-255, September.
    5. John Y. Campbell, 2006. "Household Finance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(4), pages 1553-1604, August.
    6. Bonnet, Carole & Gobillon, Laurent & Laferrère, Anne, 2010. "The effect of widowhood on housing and location choices," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 94-108, June.
    7. E. Beaubrun-Diant, Kevin. & Maury, Tristan-Pierre, 2016. "Home tenure, stock market participation, and composition of the household portfolio," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1-17.
    8. Bonnet, Carole & Gobillon, Laurent & Laferrère, Anne, 2010. "The effect of widowhood on housing and location choices," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 94-108, June.
    9. Nikola Kojucharov & Clyde F. Martin & Robert F. Martin & Lili Xu, 2009. "The subprime mortgage crisis: irrational exuberance or rational error?," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Jan.
    10. Leung, Charles, 2004. "Macroeconomics and housing: a review of the literature," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 249-267, December.
    11. University of Iowa & Galina Vereshchagina, 2007. "Preferences for risk in a dynamic model with consumption commitments," 2007 Meeting Papers 567, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Xuezheng Qin & Gordon Liu, 2013. "Does the US health care safety net discourage private insurance coverage?," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 14(3), pages 457-469, June.
    13. James A. Kahn, 2008. "What drives housing prices?," Staff Reports 345, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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