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Women Entrepreneurship Promotion in Developing Countries: What explains the gender gap in entrepreneurship and how to close it?


  • Saskia Vossenberg

    (Maastricht School of Management, PO Box 1203, 6201 BE Maastricht, The Netherlands)


Despite the growing number of women-led business and a significant increase of initiatives, policies and resources designed to promote and develop women’s entrepreneurship, the gender gap in entrepreneurship persist. This paper addresses two questions: Why does the gender gap in entrepreneurship persist? And, what does the literature suggest to us about the best ways to promote women’s entrepreneurship? Based on a feminist perspective this paper argues that current women entrepreneurship promotion policies undoubtedly benefit individual women but when the gender bias in the context in which entrepreneurship is embedded, is left intact, efforts may remain in vain and without any significant macroeconomic or social impact.

Suggested Citation

  • Saskia Vossenberg, 2013. "Women Entrepreneurship Promotion in Developing Countries: What explains the gender gap in entrepreneurship and how to close it?," Working Papers 2013/08, Maastricht School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:msm:wpaper:2013/08

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Siri Terjesen & José Ernesto Amorós, 2010. "Female Entrepreneurship in Latin America and the Caribbean: Characteristics, Drivers and Relationship to Economic Development," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 22(3), pages 313-330, July.
    2. Nada Kobeissi, 2010. "Gender factors and female entrepreneurship: International evidence and policy implications," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 1-35, March.
    3. Marina Della-Giusta & Christine Phillips, 2006. "Women entrepreneurs in the Gambia: challenges and opportunities," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(8), pages 1051-1064.
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    3. Fons Trompenaars & Madeleine van der Steege & Riana Schreuders, 2014. "Collaborating to Identify the Personal and Business Dilemmas of Successful Women Entrepreneurs," Working Papers 2014/10, Maastricht School of Management.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1372-:d:106939 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lazo, Lucita, 2015. "Increasing Economic Opportunities of Women in the APEC," Discussion Papers DP 2015-18, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. repec:rnd:arjebs:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:118-134 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:23:y:2018:i:03:n:s1084946718500176 is not listed on IDEAS

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