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Le différentiel spatial de pauvreté au Burkina Faso : " capabilities " versus dépenses

The spatial differential of poverty in Burkina Faso is apprehended using a micro-multidimensional approach based on three basic needs - housing, health and education-, supposed to express the “capabilities” of households. Two analytical aspects are highlighted. Firstly, the extent of poverty in terms of basic needs is highest in the rural sector, compared to the urban zones, in particular in the area of North and, to a lesser extent, in those of the South & South_West, Center_North and Center_South. In this respect, if deficits of instruction of the head of household explain approximately half of national poverty, they vary appreciably according to couples “area_attribute”. Thus, in the urban zones, it is primarily the shortage of instruction of the head of household which is the essential component of the multidimensional index. However, in rural zones, the situation is contrasted. In addition, the approach in terms of “capabilities” underlines significant differences according to the sex and the labour statute of the head of household, and suggests actions differentiated as regards fight against poverty, modulated according to zones, as well with regard to the access to the private goods as with the collective services. Secondly, a proximity of situation is observed between the monetary structure of regional poverty and its non-monetary counterpart. On the one hand, the spatial coherence observed between the relative levels of the ratios of poverty and the multidimensional indices confers much similarity between the regional profiles of monetary poverty and poverty in terms of “capabilities”. In addition, the econometric estimates show that, for the various basic needs taken separately, more the gaps compared to the thresholds of subsistence are important, more the ratio and the depth of monetary poverty are high. Moreover, the predicted values of the indicators of monetary poverty by the “capabilities” alone are rather close to the values observed. These conclusions probably confirm the character more complementary than substitutable of the two approaches, and tends to strengthen the interest of the multidimensional investigations, in particular compared to the effectiveness of the anti-poverty policies. (Full text in French)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 36.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: May 1999
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:36
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  1. Satya R. Chakravarty, 1997. "On Shorrocks' Reinvestigation of the Sen Poverty Index," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1241-1242, September.
  2. Chakravarty, Satya R., 1983. "A new index of poverty," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 307-313, December.
  3. Ravallion, Martin & Bidani, Benu, 1994. "How Robust Is a Poverty Profile?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 8(1), pages 75-102, January.
  4. Ravallion, M., 1992. "Poverty Comparisons - A Guide to Concepts and Methods," Papers 88, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  5. Harvey, A C, 1976. "Estimating Regression Models with Multiplicative Heteroscedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(3), pages 461-465, May.
  6. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
  7. Jenkins, Stephen P & Lambert, Peter J, 1997. "Three 'I's of Poverty Curves, with an Analysis of UK Poverty Trends," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(3), pages 317-327, July.
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