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On the Estimation of Lower and Upper Bounds of Poverty Line: An Illustration with Indian Data

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  • Sandip Sarkar

    () (Centre for Training and Research in Public Finance and Policy, Centre for Studies in Social Science)

  • Manoranjan Pal

    () (Indian Statistical Institute)

Abstract

This paper introduces an iterative methodology for the estimation of lower and upper bounds of poverty line. A poverty index based on the concept of fuzzy poverty line has also been introduced. Empirical illustrations are provided with Indian data for 2004–2005 and 2009–2010. It has been observed that for most of the states of India the government estimates of the poverty lines lie in between these two bounds. Poverty rates have been found to decline regardless whether lower or upper bounds of poverty lines is considered. Fuzzy poverty index has also declined.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandip Sarkar & Manoranjan Pal, 2018. "On the Estimation of Lower and Upper Bounds of Poverty Line: An Illustration with Indian Data," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 901-924, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:138:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1687-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-017-1687-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Poverty line; NSSO data; India; Fuzzy poverty measures;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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