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Une analyse théorique de l’interaction entre l’emploi public et les performances du marché du travail dans les pays en développement

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  • Yves Abessolo

    () (CEREG, Université de Yaoundé II)

Abstract

Cet article analyse les interactions entre l’emploi public et les performances du marché du travail dans les pays en développement. Si dans les pays développés il est montré que l’emploi public évince l’emploi privé et accroît le chômage, notre contribution théorique suggère que l’emploi public a une influence importante sur les performances du marché du travail des pays étudiés à travers trois canaux. D’abord, à travers des externalités positives, l’emploi public accroît la productivité du secteur privé. Ensuite, compte tenu du degré de substitution entre les productions des secteurs public et privé d’une part, et du niveau des rentes d’autre part, l’emploi public n’évince pas l’emploi privé. Enfin, aucun élément théorique ne justifie l’idée selon laquelle l’emploi public accroît le chômage, nos résultats suggèrent même que l’emploi public diminue durablement le chômage. This paper explores the consequences of public employment on labour market performances in developing countries. If in developed countries evidence shows that public employment may not only crowd out private employment, but also increase overall unemployment, our theoretical considerations suggest that public employment significantly affects labour market performances through three channels. First, positive externalities of public employment increase private sector productivity. Secondly, with the level of substitutability of public and private outputs, and the size of the rents, there is no crowding out effects of public jobs on the private sector. In the latter case, our theoretical analysis suggests that public employment may reduce unemployment in developing countries. (Full text in french)

Suggested Citation

  • Yves Abessolo, 2005. "Une analyse théorique de l’interaction entre l’emploi public et les performances du marché du travail dans les pays en développement," Documents de travail 110, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:110
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    File URL: http://ged.u-bordeaux4.fr/ceddt110.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 1-33, March.
    2. Yann Algan & Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2002. "Public employment and labour market performance," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(34), pages 7-66, April.
    3. Holmlund, Bertil, 1993. "Wage setting in private and public sectors in a model with endogenous government behavior," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 149-162, May.
    4. Demekas, Dimitri G & Kontolemis, Zenon G, 2000. " Government Employment and Wages and Labour Market Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(3), pages 391-415, July.
    5. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
    6. Albert Alesina & Stephan Danninger & Massimo Rostagno, 2001. "Redistribution Through Public Employment: The Case of Italy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(3), pages 1-2.
    7. Sherwin Rosen, 1997. "Public Employment, Taxes, and the Welfare State in Sweden," NBER Chapters,in: The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, pages 79-108 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Gregory, Robert G. & Borland, Jeff, 1999. "Recent developments in public sector labor markets," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 53, pages 3573-3630 Elsevier.
    9. Jim Malley & Thomas Moutos, "undated". "Government Employment and Unemployment: With One Hand Giveth, the Other Taketh," ICMM Discussion Papers 47, Department of Economics University of Strathclyde.
    10. Dani Rodrik, 1997. "What Drives Public Employment?," NBER Working Papers 6141, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods

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