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Portfolio Management Using Prospect Theory: Comparing Genetic Algorithms and Particle Swarm Optimization


  • Seyedehzahra NEMATOLLAHI
  • Giancarlo MANZI


In this work, we compare the performance of two metaheuristic optimization algorithms, namely the Genetic Algorithms (GA) and the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), in finding an optimized investing portfolio. This comparison is based on two performance criteria: the consistency and quality of the solution and the speed of convergence of these two algorithms. These metaheuristic algorithms will be developed further to specify the weights of assets in an optimal portfolio, which is a portfolio with a maximum level of return (or a minimum level of risk) using a portfolio optimization model. We chose the prospect theory portfolio optimization as our background model. The prospect theory model is the main behavioral alternative to the expected utility theory and is still a relatively new subject in the financial literature. A mean‐variance portfolio optimization is also considered as a benchmark to our behavioral model. The performance of these two models has been evaluated in practice using several criteria such as the CPU time and the ratio between the portfolio mean returns

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  • Seyedehzahra NEMATOLLAHI & Giancarlo MANZI, 2018. "Portfolio Management Using Prospect Theory: Comparing Genetic Algorithms and Particle Swarm Optimization," Departmental Working Papers 2018-03, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2018-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1992. "Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 297-323, October.
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    More about this item


    Portfolio management; Prospect theory; Optimization; Genetic algorithms; Particle swarm optimization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques


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