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Return Migration and Saving Behavior of Foreign Workers in Germany

Author

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  • Murat G. Kirdar

    () (Department of Economics, METU)

Abstract

In this paper, I develop a dynamic stochastic model of joint return migration and saving decisions that accounts for uncertainty in future employment and income and estimate this model using a longitudinal dataset on legal immigrants in Germany. The model gives a number of implications about the level, timing and selection of return migration as well as asset accumulation of immigrants according to their country of origin We also calculate the net lifetime contributions of immigrants to the pension and unemployment insurance systems of the host country. The estimated model is used to determine the impact of a number of counterfactual policy experiments on the return and savings behavior of immigrants as well as on their net contribution to the social security system. These counterfactuals include changes in the unemployment insurance program, payment of bonuses to selected groups to encourage return home, and exchange rate premiums by the source countries. In addition, I assess the impact of counterfactuals in the macroeconomic environment, like changes in wages in Germany and in purchasing power parity between Germany and the source countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Murat G. Kirdar, 2005. "Return Migration and Saving Behavior of Foreign Workers in Germany," ERC Working Papers 0506, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Nov 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:met:wpaper:0506
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    File URL: http://www.erc.metu.edu.tr/menu/series05/0506.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Murat G. Kirdar, 2007. "Labor Market Outcomes, Capital Accumulation, and Return Migration: Evidence from Immigrants in Germany," ERC Working Papers 0703, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jan 2007.
    2. Kirdar, Murat, 2007. "Labor market outcomes, capital accumulation, and return migration: Evidence from immigrants in Germany," MPRA Paper 2028, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Migration; Unemployment Insurance; Life Cycle Models and Saving; Public Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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