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Return and Onwards Migration among Older Canadians: Findings from the 2001 Census


  • K. Bruce Newbold


Using the 2001 Public Use Microdata Files from Statistics Canada, this paper analyses fixed interval return (migrations returning an individual to a previous place of residence) and onward (migrations to a subsequent destination) migration among Canada’s older population (aged 60 and over) over the 1996-2000-2001 period. The article examines the incidence, composition, spatial patterning, and determinants of these chronic migrations. Analysis reveals a migration system that is largely complementary to that observed within the broader population, although onward migration is relatively unimportant for this group, and the motivations and characteristics vary by age group amongst older migrants.

Suggested Citation

  • K. Bruce Newbold, 2007. "Return and Onwards Migration among Older Canadians: Findings from the 2001 Census," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 171, McMaster University.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcm:sedapp:171

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J-P Lin & K-L Liaw & C-L Tsay, 1999. "Determinants of Fast Repeat Migrations of the Labor Force: Evidence from the Linked National Survey Data of Taiwan," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 31(5), pages 925-945, May.
    2. Lynda M. Hayward, 2000. "Health and Residential Mobility in Later Life: A New Analytical Technique to Address an Old Problem," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 34, McMaster University.
    3. Kao-Lee Liaw & William Frey, 2003. "Location of adult children as an attraction for black and white elderly return and onward migrants in the United States: Application of a three-level nested logit model with census data," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(2), pages 75-98.
    4. J-P Lin & K-L Liaw & C-L Tsay, 1999. "Determinants of fast repeat migrations of the labor force: evidence from the linked national survey data of Taiwan," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(5), pages 925-945, May.
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    More about this item


    elderly mobility; return and onward migration; Canada;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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