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The Economics of Private Tutoring


  • Dessy, Sylvain E.


  • St-Amour, Pascal
  • Vencatachellum, Désiré


This paper develops a two-sector, general equilibrium, overlapping generations model to study necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of private tutoring, when education is publicly provided. Young agents have heterogeneous endowments of human capital, which they can augment through mandatory public education, and elective private tutoring. Old agents work in the production sector and/or supply education services. In this model, the selection of teachers by the government induces a rat race which acts as a catalyst of private tutoring. Cette analyse développe un modèle dynamique bi-sectoriel de générations imbriquées afin d'étudier les conditions nécessaires et suffisantes pour l'existence du tutorat privé, lorsque l'éducation publique est conjointement offerte. Les agents jeunes ont des dotations hétérogènes de capital humain, qu'ils peuvent accroître par l'éducation publique obligatoire et par le tutorat privé libre. Les agents vieux travaillent dans le secteur de la production et/ou offrent des services d'éducation. Dans ce modèle, le mode de sélection des enseignants par le gouvernement prend la forme d'un tournoi qui agit comme catalyseur du tutorat privé.

Suggested Citation

  • Dessy, Sylvain E. & St-Amour, Pascal & Vencatachellum, Désiré, 1998. "The Economics of Private Tutoring," Cahiers de recherche 9809, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9809

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ireland, Norman J., 1990. "The mix of social and private provision of goods and services," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 201-219, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Asmaa Elbadawy, 2013. "The Effect of Tutoring on Secondary Streaming in Egypt," Working Papers 769, Economic Research Forum, revised Sep 2013.

    More about this item


    Human Capital; Private Tutoring; Public Education; Tournament Design;

    JEL classification:

    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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