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Política fiscal y desigualdad: factores que deberían tenerse en cuenta al momento de diseñar la política pública

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  • Oscar Iván Ávila Montealegre

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Abstract

En este documento se plantea un modelo teórico de generaciones traslapadas en el que se muestra la importancia de la política fiscal para reducir las brechas salariales e incrementar la producción de largo plazo. Los resultados del modelo evidencian que en algunos casos se presenta la disyuntiva entre maximizar la producción de largo plazo y reducir la desigualdad; asimismo, muestran que los efectos de la política fiscal, en términos de desigualdad y producción, dependen de las fuentes de heterogeneidad de los individuos, por lo que al momento de diseñar las estructuras impositivas y distributivas deberían tenerse en cuenta no sólo las dotaciones iniciales de los individuos sino también sus preferencias y sus funciones de acumulación de capital humano.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Iván Ávila Montealegre, 2012. "Política fiscal y desigualdad: factores que deberían tenerse en cuenta al momento de diseñar la política pública," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009980, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009980
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boldrin, Michele, 2005. "Public education and capital accumulation," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 85-109, June.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10091 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Roland Benabou, 2002. "Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous-Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(2), pages 481-517, March.
    4. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    5. Chiu, W Henry, 1998. "Income Inequality, Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Performance," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 44-59, January.
    6. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
    7. Burton A. Weisbrod, 1966. "Investing in Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 1(1), pages 5-21.
    8. Blankenau, William F. & Simpson, Nicole B., 2004. "Public education expenditures and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 583-605, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    desigualdad; política fiscal; educación pública; educación y desigualdad;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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