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Política fiscal y desigualdad: factores que deberían tenerse en cuenta al momento de diseñar la política pública

  • Oscar Iván Ávila Montealegre

    ()

En este documento se plantea un modelo teórico de generaciones traslapadas en el que se muestra la importancia de la política fiscal para reducir las brechas salariales e incrementar la producción de largo plazo. Los resultados del modelo evidencian que en algunos casos se presenta la disyuntiva entre maximizar la producción de largo plazo y reducir la desigualdad; asimismo, muestran que los efectos de la política fiscal, en términos de desigualdad y producción, dependen de las fuentes de heterogeneidad de los individuos, por lo que al momento de diseñar las estructuras impositivas y distributivas deberían tenerse en cuenta no sólo las dotaciones iniciales de los individuos sino también sus preferencias y sus funciones de acumulación de capital humano.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/be_732.pdf
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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 732.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:732
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  1. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
  2. Roland Benabou, 2002. "Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous-Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(2), pages 481-517, March.
  3. Blankenau, William F. & Simpson, Nicole B., 2004. "Public education expenditures and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 583-605, April.
  4. Boldrin, Michele, 2005. "Public education and capital accumulation," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 85-109, June.
  5. Burton A. Weisbrod, 1966. "Investing in Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 1(1), pages 5-21.
  6. Chiu, W Henry, 1998. "Income Inequality, Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Performance," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 44-59, January.
  7. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10091, Paris Dauphine University.
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