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Science économique et sens commun : trois thèses sur leurs relations réciproques

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  • SALMON, Pierre

    () (LATEC Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Trois thèses sur la relation entre science économique et sens commun sont défendues dans cet essai. La première est que la science économique trouve dans la critique des vérités supposées du sens commun un facteur providentiel de légitimité. A cette fin, elle s'est en partie employée à révéler et expliciter des mécanismes sous-jacents surprenants ou paradoxaux par rapport aux idées reçues. La deuxième thèse est que l'opposition entre le langage théorique et celui du sens commun constitue pour l'essentiel, malgré sa popularité, un faux problème. Il y a moins opposition entre deux langages que, très largement, complémentarité. La troisième thèse est programmatique: la réflexion philosophique sur la science économique doit s'efforcer de découvrir le passage étroit permettant de conserver quelque chose de deux idées: celle que la science économique révèle des mécanismes ou des interactions ignorés par le sens commun et l'argument selon lequel toute supériorité informationnelle durable de l'observateur sur l'observé et toute inefficacité persistante demandent une explication.

Suggested Citation

  • SALMON, Pierre, 2002. "Science économique et sens commun : trois thèses sur leurs relations réciproques," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-02, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne, revised Jan 2003.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2003-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pierre Salmon, 2002. "La logique de l'action collective, de Mancur Olson," Post-Print hal-00445625, HAL.
    2. Pierre Salmon, 1996. "Free riding as mechanism," Working Papers hal-01526985, HAL.
    3. SALMON, Pierre, 1999. "Modèles et mécanismes en économie: essai de clarification de leurs relations," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 1999-15, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    4. Caplan, Bryan, 2001. "What Makes People Think Like Economists? Evidence on Economic Cognition from the "Survey of Americans and Economists on the Economy."," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 44(2), pages 395-426, October.
    5. Davis, John B, 1999. "Common Sense: A Middle Way between Formalism and Post-Structuralism?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(4), pages 503-515, July.
    6. Salmon, Pierre, 1994. "Outrageous arguments in economics and public choice," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 409-426, October.
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    JEL classification:

    • B4 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology

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