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Diversity in Academic Biomedicine: An Evaluation of Education and Career Outcomes with Implications for Policy


  • Donna K. Ginther

    (Department of Economics, The University of Kansas)


Currently, the U.S. population is undergoing major racial and ethnic demographic shifts that could affect the pool of individuals interested in pursuing a career in biomedical research. To achieve its mission of improving health, the National Institutes of Health must recruit and train outstanding individuals for the biomedical workforce. In this study, we examined the educational transition rates in the biomedical sciences by gender, race, and ethnicity, from high school to academic career outcomes. Using a number of educational databases, we investigated gender and racial/ethnic representation at typical educational and career milestones en route to faculty careers in biomedicine. We then employed multivariate regression methods to examine faculty career outcomes, using the National Science Foundation’s Survey of Doctorate Recipients. We find that while transitions between milestones are distinctive by gender and race/ethnicity, the transitions between high school and college and between college and graduate school are critical points at which underrepresented minorities are lost from the biomedical pipeline, suggesting some specific targets for policy intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • Donna K. Ginther, 2010. "Diversity in Academic Biomedicine: An Evaluation of Education and Career Outcomes with Implications for Policy," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201006, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:kan:wpaper:201006

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. William Barnett, 2005. "Monetary Aggregation," Macroeconomics 0503017, EconWPA.
    2. Serletis, Apostolos & Gogas, Periklis, 1997. "Chaos in East European black market exchange rates," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 359-385, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Diyi Li & Cory Koedel, 2016. "Representation and Salary Gaps by Race/Ethnicity and Gender at Selective Public Universities," Working Papers 2016-13, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised Apr 2017.

    More about this item


    Scientific labor force; race; gender; diversity; career outcomes; science policy.;

    JEL classification:

    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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