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Grundeinkommen vs. Kombilohn: Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen und Unterschiede im Empfängerkreis

  • Fuest, Clemens


    (University of Oxford)

  • Peichl, Andreas



In der ökonomischen Literatur wird oft argumentiert, dass Kombilohnmodelle und Grundeinkommenskonzepte im Prinzip nur Varianten einer negativen Einkommenssteuer seien. Dabei wird oft übersehen, dass diese Konzepte sehr unterschiedliche Gruppen der Bevölkerung einbeziehen. Dieser Beitrag bietet einen empirischen Vergleich der Bezugsgruppen dieser Konzepte. Wir zeigen, dass der Übergang zu einem selbst restriktiv ausgestalteten Grundeinkommen die Zahl der Transferempfänger gegenüber dem Status quo ungefähr verdoppeln würde. Beim Kombilohn würde die Zahl der Transferempfänger hingegen nur um rund zehn Prozent ansteigen. Das hat Folgen für die Finanzierbarkeit und die Beschäftigungswirkungen. Das zentrale Resultat unserer Analyse lautet, dass der Unterschied im Empfängerkreis letztlich die Ursache dafür darstellt, dass Kombilohnkonzepte finanzierbar sind und positive Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten können, während Grundeinkommenskonzepte entweder nicht finanzierbar sind, oder, wegen der erforderlichen Gegenfinanzierung, negative Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Standpunkte with number 11.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Review of Economics), 2008, 59 (2), 94-113
Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp11
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