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Grundeinkommen vs. Kombilohn: Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen und Unterschiede im Empfängerkreis

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  • Fuest, Clemens

    () (University of Oxford)

  • Peichl, Andreas

    () (IZA)

Abstract

In der ökonomischen Literatur wird oft argumentiert, dass Kombilohnmodelle und Grundeinkommenskonzepte im Prinzip nur Varianten einer negativen Einkommenssteuer seien. Dabei wird oft übersehen, dass diese Konzepte sehr unterschiedliche Gruppen der Bevölkerung einbeziehen. Dieser Beitrag bietet einen empirischen Vergleich der Bezugsgruppen dieser Konzepte. Wir zeigen, dass der Übergang zu einem selbst restriktiv ausgestalteten Grundeinkommen die Zahl der Transferempfänger gegenüber dem Status quo ungefähr verdoppeln würde. Beim Kombilohn würde die Zahl der Transferempfänger hingegen nur um rund zehn Prozent ansteigen. Das hat Folgen für die Finanzierbarkeit und die Beschäftigungswirkungen. Das zentrale Resultat unserer Analyse lautet, dass der Unterschied im Empfängerkreis letztlich die Ursache dafür darstellt, dass Kombilohnkonzepte finanzierbar sind und positive Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten können, während Grundeinkommenskonzepte entweder nicht finanzierbar sind, oder, wegen der erforderlichen Gegenfinanzierung, negative Beschäftigungswirkungen entfalten.

Suggested Citation

  • Fuest, Clemens & Peichl, Andreas, 2009. "Grundeinkommen vs. Kombilohn: Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen und Unterschiede im Empfängerkreis," IZA Standpunkte 11, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp11
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    Cited by:

    1. Clemens Fuest & Joachim Mitschke & Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, 2007. "Der Kölner Kombilohn für den Niedriglohnsektor," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(11), pages 25-29, June.
    2. Clemens Fuest & Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, 2007. "Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen des Bürgergeldkonzepts von Dieter Althaus," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(10), pages 36-40, May.
    3. Nina Hetzer & Andreas Peichl, 2010. "Steuerstrukturreform trotz leerer Kassen?!," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(01), pages 28-35, January.
    4. Sterner, Cornelia, 2010. "Ein bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen in Form der negativen Einkommensteuer: Eine soziologische und finanzwissenschaftliche Analyse
      [An unconditional basic income in the form of the negative income ta
      ," MPRA Paper 39703, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2012.
    5. Andreas Peichl & Nico Pestel & Hilmar Schneider & Sebastian Siegloch, 2011. "Reform der Hartz IV‐Hinzuverdienstregelungen: Ein verfehlter Ansatz," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(1), pages 12-26, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Empfängerkreis; Kombilohn; Bürgergeld; Grundeinkommen;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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