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Workfare: Eine wirksame Alternative zum Kombilohn

Author

Listed:
  • Bonin, Holger

    () (IZA)

  • Schneider, Hilmar

    () (IZA)

Abstract

In the debate on in-work benefits in Germany it is often overlooked that such subsidies may only be effective if basic minimum income is remarkably decreased for those who are employable. However, proposals following this principle will hardly achieve political consensus as can be derived from reactions to the model of ifo or the board of economic advisors. IZA is therefore proposing workfare as an effective alternative, which may accomplish a strong incentive for the acceptance of low paid jobs without having to cut the current welfare level. Simulations based on a micro-econometric labor supply model show that this could add to the workforce an additional number of 800,000 workers. Roughly the same effect could be achieved by the ifo model, however, at the expense of massive cuts of disposable income for welfare recipients. Hence, workfare turns out as an efficient alternative. Moreover, there is no useful combination between in-work benefits based on the current welfare level and workfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonin, Holger & Schneider, Hilmar, 2006. "Workfare: Eine wirksame Alternative zum Kombilohn," IZA Discussion Papers 2399, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2399
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    Cited by:

    1. Hans-Werner Sinn & Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel & Martin Werding, 2007. "Reformkonzepte zur Erhöhung der Beschäftigung im Niedriglohnbereich: Ein Überblick," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(04), pages 03-20, February.
    2. Werner Eichhorst & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "And Then There Were Four...How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labor Market Policy Do We Still Need?," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 53(3), pages 243-272.
    3. Fuest Clemens & Peichl Andreas, 2008. "Grundeinkommen vs. Kombilohn: Beschäftigungs- und Finanzierungswirkungen und Unterschiede im Empfängerkreis," Review of Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 59(2), pages 94-113, August.
    4. Clemens Fuest & Joachim Mitschke & Andreas Peichl & Thilo Schaefer, 2007. "Der Kölner Kombilohn für den Niedriglohnsektor," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(11), pages 25-29, June.
    5. Jochen Michaelis & Alexander Spermann, 2009. "Geringqualifizierte Arbeit, Marktlöhne und Sozialpolitik: Konzepte für Deutschland," MAGKS Papers on Economics 200920, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    6. Eichhorst, Werner, 2007. "Report No. 13: Wachstumsaspekte der Arbeitsmarktpolitik - Von den Nachbarn lernen," IZA Research Reports 13, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Nina Hetzer & Andreas Peichl, 2010. "Steuerstrukturreform trotz leerer Kassen?!," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(01), pages 28-35, January.
    8. Dennis Snower & Alessio Brown & Christian Merkl, 2007. "Einstellungsgutscheine effektiver als Kombilöhne," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(04), pages 37-41, February.
    9. Brown, Alessio J. G. & Merkl, Christian & Snower, Dennis J., 2007. "Einstellungsgutscheine effektiver als Kombilöhne: Reformkonzepte zur Erhöhung der Beschäftigung im Niedriglohnbereich. Niedriglohnsektor," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 3966, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Peichl, Andreas & Siegloch, Sebastian, 2012. "Accounting for labor demand effects in structural labor supply models," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 129-138.
    11. Peichl, Andreas & Schneider, Hilmar & Siegloch, Sebastian, 2010. "Documentation IZA?MOD: The IZA Policy SImulation MODel," IZA Discussion Papers 4865, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Berthold, Norbert & Coban, Mustafa, 2013. "Kombilohn oder Workfare? Wege aus der strukturellen Arbeitslosigkeit auf dem Prüfstand
      [Wage Subsidy or Workfare? Comparison of Two Designs to Reduce Structural Unemployment]
      ," Discussion Paper Series 122, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    13. Schneider, Hilmar & Uhlendorff, Arne & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2010. "Mit Workfare aus der Sozialhilfe? Lehren aus einem Modellprojekt," IZA Standpunkte 33, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    14. Andreas Peichl & Nico Pestel & Hilmar Schneider & Sebastian Siegloch, 2011. "Reform der Hartz IV‐Hinzuverdienstregelungen: Ein verfehlter Ansatz," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(1), pages 12-26, February.
    15. Schöb, Ronnie, 2007. "Soziale Grundsicherung und Beschäftigung," Discussion Papers 2007/12, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    16. Werner Eichhorst & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "And Then There Were Four ...: How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labor Market Policy Do We Still Need? ; Finding a Balance after the Evaluation of the Hartz Reforms in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 685, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    17. Eichhorst, Werner & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2007. "Dann waren's nur noch vier… Wie viele (und welche) Maßnahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik brauchen wir noch? Eine Bilanz nach der Evaluation der Hartz-Reformen," IZA Discussion Papers 2605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor supply; low-wage subsidies; in-work benefits; discrete choice; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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