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Poverty and Survival

  • Bhalotra, Sonia R.

    ()

    (University of Essex)

A recent literature highlights the uncertainty concerning whether economic growth has any causal protective effect on health and survival. But equal rates of growth often deliver unequal rates of poverty reduction and absolute deprivation is more clearly relevant. Using state-level panel data for India, we contribute the first estimates of the impact of changes in poverty on infant survival. We identify a significant within-state relationship which persists conditional upon state income, indicating the size of survival gains from redistribution in favour of households below the poverty line. The poverty elasticity declines over time after 1981. It is invariant to controlling for income inequality but diminished upon controlling for education, fertility and state health expenditure, and eliminated once we introduce controls for omitted trends.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5363.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5363
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  1. Takashi Yamano & Harold Alderman & Luc Christiaensen, 2003. "Child growth, shocks, and food aid in rural Ethiopia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3128, The World Bank.
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