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Effect of Labor Division between Wife and Husband on the Risk of Divorce: Evidence from German Data

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  • Kraft, Kornelius

    () (TU Dortmund)

  • Neimann, Stefanie

    () (TU Dortmund)

Abstract

Using German panel data from 1984 to 2007, we analyze the impact of labor division between husband and wife on the risk of divorce. Gary Becker’s theory of marriage predicts that specialization in domestic and market work, respectively, reduces the risk of separation. Traditionally, the breadwinner role is assigned to the husband, however, female labor force participation and their wages have risen substantially. Our results suggest that there are gender-specific differences, e.g. female breadwinner-couples have a substantially higher risk of divorce than male breadwinner-couples. In contrast, the equal division does not significantly alter the probability of separation.

Suggested Citation

  • Kraft, Kornelius & Neimann, Stefanie, 2009. "Effect of Labor Division between Wife and Husband on the Risk of Divorce: Evidence from German Data," IZA Discussion Papers 4515, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4515
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    Cited by:

    1. Guven, Cahit & Senik, Claudia & Stichnoth, Holger, 2012. "You can’t be happier than your wife. Happiness gaps and divorce," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 110-130.
    2. Christian Schmitt & Heike Trappe, 2014. "Geschlechterarrangements und Ehestabilität in Ost- und Westdeutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 682, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    divorce; labor division; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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