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Villages where China's Ethnic Minorities Live

  • Gustafsson, Björn Anders


    (University of Gothenburg)

  • Sai, Ding


    (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

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    This paper investigates how ethnic minorities in rural China are faring compared with the ethnic majority. The village is the unit of analysis and large surveys for 2002 are used. Minority villages in northeast China are found to have a somewhat better economic situation than the average majority village, but minority villages in the southwest are clearly faring worse. Industrialisation, inputs in agricultural production, stock of human capital of the labour force, wage level on the local labour market as well as indicators of path dependency are all found to affect the economic situation of a village. Location is the single most important circumstance working against a favourable economic situation for minority villages in the north- and particularly the southwest. Low village income results in long-distance migration for many ethnic minorities, but for some minorities their ethnicity hinders migration.

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    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2418.

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    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2006
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: China Economic Review, 2009, 20 (2), 193-207
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2418
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    1. Alberto Alesina & Eliana La Ferrara, 2004. "Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance," Development Working Papers 193, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
    2. Knight, J. & Shi, L., 1996. "Cumulative Causation and Inequality Among Villages in China," Economics Series Working Papers 99186, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    3. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2005. "Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance," Scholarly Articles 4553005, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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