IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Financial Development, Growth and Equity in Brazil

  • Armando Castelar
  • Regis Bonelli o
Registered author(s):

    Financial markets help to foster growth and productivity through their role inmobilizing savings to finance investment and production, selecting and monitoringinvestment projects, diversifying risks, and allowing investment and production to becarried out in the most productive scale and time frame. This paper examines the linksbetween financial development, growth and equity. The focus is on the Brazilian case,but we also aim at contributing to a broader discussion on the role of financial marketsin fostering economic development in Latin America. The analysis discusses: a) Brazil?srecent growth record, which resembles Latin America?s average regarding pace andsources of growth; b) recent changes in financial intermediation in the region, stressingthe role of the public sector in absorbing private savings; c) the interface betweengrowth and finance; d) the issue of access to financial services; and e) the impedimentsto financial deepening and inclusion drawn from the Brazilian experience.Among its conclusions we highlight the relatively small contribution the Brazilianfinancial system has had towards promoting growth and equity in the followingsequence: a) the incomplete macroeconomic adjustment of the economy, which lead tohigh interest rates, market volatility, and a preference of savers for liquid, short-termfinancial investments; b) the high tax burden and the associated high degree ofinformality and fiddling with company accounts, which lower the quality of theinformation disclosed to financial institutions and capital markets; c) the central role ofthe state in mobilizing and allocating savings, largely an inheritance of the pre-1990sdevelopment model, which dampens the impact of financial intermediation on capitalproductivity; and d ) the low protection of minority shareholders and especiallycreditors against expropriation by the state and private parties create a highly uncertainand risky environment that raises the cost of capital, discourages financialintermediation and raises the preference for short-term and liquid financial assets.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1118.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1118.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 42 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1118
    Contact details of provider: Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
    Phone: +55(061)315-5000
    Fax: +55(61)321-1597
    Web page: http://www.ipea.gov.br
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Reint Gropp & John Karl Scholz & Michelle White, 1996. "Personal Bankruptcy and Credit Supply and Demand," NBER Working Papers 5653, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Laeven, Luc & Levine, Ross, 2004. "Regulations, Market Structure, Institutions, and the Cost of Financial Intermediation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 36(3), pages 593-622, June.
    3. Eduardo Lora, 2001. "Structural reforms in Latin America: What has been reformed and how to measure it?," Research Department Publications 4287, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1998. "Law and Finance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(6), pages 1113-1155, December.
    5. Levine, Ross & Loayza, Norman & Beck, Thorsten, 2000. "Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 31-77, August.
    6. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4303, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Luis Servén, 2000. "Saving in Developing Countries: An Overview," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(3), pages 393-414, September.
    8. Ross Levine, 1997. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 688-726, June.
    9. Pagano, Marco, 1993. "Financial markets and growth: An overview," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 613-622, April.
    10. Sebastian Edwards, 1995. "Why are Saving Rates so Different Across Countries?: An International Comparative Analysis," NBER Working Papers 5097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1118. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.