IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Housing Conditions in Brazilian Urban Areas during the 1990s


  • Maria da Piedade Morais


The objective of this article is to characterize the housing conditions in Brazilian urban areas during the 1990s, based upon housing and urban indicators derived from the 1992-1999 IBGE National Household Surveys (PNAD) microdata. The paper intends to be useful as a first attempt to systematize and analyze the available information on housing in Brazil, as a cornerstone to discuss the major trends and problems of the Brazilian housing sector, in order to subsidize the formulation of public policies and programs of housing and urban development. Section 2 discusses the main characteristics of housing that justify governmental intervention in housing markets. Section 3 depicts the housing conditions in Brazilian urban areas, emphasizing the housing situation of the poor and other vulnerable groups. Section 4 analyzes the main housing problems in Brazil, such as slums formation, tenure insecurity and housing and urban infrastructure deficits. Finally, section 5 presents the conclusions and suggestions for a future research agenda on housing in Brazil, urging for better targeting and integration between the housing policy and the macroeconomic and other sectorial and social policies of the government, at the federal, state and local levels. O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar as condições de moradia nas áreas urbanas brasileiras durante a década de 1990, com base em indicadores habitacionais e de desenvolvimento urbano construídos a partir dos microdados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad) do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) para o período 1992-1999. Este texto pretende ser útil como um primeiro esforço de sistematização da informação existente no que diz respeito à habitação no Brasil, como ponto de partida para discutir as tendências e os principais problemas do setor habitacional, com vistas a fornecer subsídios para a formulação de políticas e programas nas áreas de habitação e de desenvolvimento urbano. A seção 2 discute as principais características do bem habitação que justificam a intervenção do governo nos mercados habitacionais. A seção 3 mostra as condições de habitação nas áreas urbanas brasileiras, destacando as condições de moradia dos pobres e de outros grupos vulneráveis. A seção 4 analisa os principais problemas habitacionais brasileiros, tais como formação de favelas, informalidade da habitação, falta de segurança na posse e déficits de habitação e de serviços urbanos, entre outros. Finalmente, a seção 5 apresenta as principais conclusões e sugestões para uma futura agenda de pesquisa em Habitação no Brasil, mostrando a necessidade de uma melhor focalização e integração entre as políticas habitacionais, macroeconômicas e outras políticas setoriais e sociais do governo no nível federal, no estadual e no municipal.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria da Piedade Morais, 2015. "The Housing Conditions in Brazilian Urban Areas during the 1990s," Discussion Papers 0146, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:0146

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:idb:brikps:3458 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Henley, Andrew, 1998. "Residential Mobility, Housing Equity and the Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 414-427, March.
    3. Mozart Vitor Serra & William J. O’Dell & Joseli Macedo & Marc T. Smith & Maria da Piedade Morais & Santiago F. Varella & Diep Nguyen, 2005. "Affordable Housing needs Assessment Methodology: the Adaptation of the Florida Model to Brazil," Discussion Papers 1083, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    4. World Bank, 2002. "Brazil - Progressive Low-Income Housing : Alternatives for the Poor," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15316, The World Bank.
    5. Marcelo Côrtes Nerí, 1999. "Assets, Markets and Poverty in Brazil," Research Department Publications 3055, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:0146. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.