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Streitfall Fiskalpolitik

  • Gustav A. Horn
  • Sebastian Gechert
  • Katja Rietzler
  • Kai D. Schmid

Sind fiskalpolitische Maßnahmen geeignet zur Stabilisierung konjunktureller Entwicklungen? Dies hängt ganz entscheidend davon ab, wie eine Volkswirtschaft fiskalische Impulse verarbeitet. Eine systematische Analyse (Meta-Regressions-Analyse) von 104 Studien mit 1069 Auswertungen zur Höhe des Fiskalmultiplikators ermöglicht den Vergleich der Wirkungen verschiedener fiskalischer Maßnahmen. Die Studie erklärt Unterschiede zwischen den in den Studien ausgewiesenen Multiplikatorwerten anhand weiterer Einflussgrößen und bietet eine Reihe klarer Einsichten: Diskretionäre Fiskalpolitik ist grundsätzlich ein geeignetes Instrument, um eine rezessive oder überschäumende Wirtschaft auf einen stabilen Kurs zu bringen. Diskretionäre Fiskalpolitik sollte daher wieder zum allgemein akzeptierten wirtschaftspolitischen Instrumentarium gehören. Das Ausmaß der Auswirkungen ist abhängig von der Art der Maßnahme. Entgegen den allgemein verbreiteten Empfehlungen in der Finanzkrise sollten Konjunkturprogramme vor allem in Form höherer Ausgaben umgesetzt werden. Diese sind einnahmeseitigen Maßnahmen überlegen. Öffentliche Investitionen zeigen dabei den stärksten Effekt. Will man umgekehrt die Wirtschaft bremsen, empfehlen sich Ausgabenkürzungen. Ist die Aufnahme zusätzlicher Staatsschulden durch rechtliche oder ökonomische Zwänge eng begrenzt, bietet es sich an, ein investives Konjunkturprogramm durch höhere Steuern zu finanzieren. Da der Investitionsmultiplikator signifikant über dem Steuermultiplikator liegt, ist mit einem positiven Wachstumsimpuls zu rechnen, der den öffentlichen Haushalt in der Folge sogar entlastet.

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Paper provided by IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute in its series IMK Report with number 92-2014.

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Length: 13 pages
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imk:report:92-2014
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  1. Steven Fazzari & James Morley & Irina Panovska, 2013. "State-Dependent Effects of Fiscal Policy," Discussion Papers 2012-27B, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  2. Alan J. Auerbach & Yuriy Gorodnichenko, 2012. "Measuring the Output Responses to Fiscal Policy," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 1-27, May.
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  4. Gernot Müller & Andre Meier & Giancarlo Corsetti, 2012. "What Determines Government Spending Multipliers?," IMF Working Papers 12/150, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Tommaso Ferraresi & Andrea Roventini & Giorgio Fagiolo, 2013. "Fiscal policies and credit regimes: a tvar approach," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2013-02, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
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  8. Bachmann, Rüdiger & Sims, Eric R., 2012. "Confidence and the transmission of government spending shocks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(3), pages 235-249.
  9. Olivier Blanchard & Roberto Perotti, 1999. "An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output," NBER Working Papers 7269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  11. Sebastian Gechert, 2013. "What fiscal policy is most effective? A Meta Regression Analysis," IMK Working Paper 117-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  12. John B. Taylor, 2009. "The Lack Of An Empirical Rationale For A Revival Of Discretionary Fiscal Policy," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(2), pages 9-13, 07.
  13. Anja Baum & Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro & Anke Weber, 2012. "Fiscal Multipliers and the State of the Economy," IMF Working Papers 12/286, International Monetary Fund.
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  15. Eichenbaum, Martin, 1997. "Some Thoughts on Practical Stabilization Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 236-39, May.
  16. Willi Semmler & André Semmler, 2013. "The Macroeconomics of Fiscal Austerity in Europe," IMK Working Paper 122-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  17. Sebastian Gechert & Rafael Mentges, 2013. "What Drives Fiscal Multipliers? The Role of Private Wealth and Debt," IMK Working Paper 124-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
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