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El Mercado de Transporte Aéreo: Lecciones para Chile de una Revisión de la Literatura

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Abstract

En la industria de transporte aéreo en Chile, existe hoy libre ingreso a los mercados, libertad de precios y una mínima intervención del estado. Sin embargo, la evolución de la industria ha generado discusión y preocupación pública en los últimos años respecto a qué tan competitivo es el mercado de transporte doméstico de pasajeros. Preocupaciones y discusiones de política pública similares a las que existen hoy en Chile, han sido el foco de la literatura económica en el tema desde la regulación de los mercados aéreos a afines de los 70. El gran avance que ha habido, tanto teórico como empírico, en entender las características específicas de la industria de transporte aéreo y los determinantes del grado de competencia en los mercados en que opera, permiten sacar conclusiones que son relevantes para Chile y que pueden ayudar a orientar la discusión. El objetivo de este estudio entonces, es hacer una revisión de la literatura económica que de luces respecto a los elementos críticos que uno debería considerar en el caso de Chile para evaluar el grado de competencia de la industria. Dichos elementos permitirán orientar la investigación respecto a si la política aerocomercial chilena garantiza la existencia mercado competitivo o hay espacio para implementar algún tipo de política pública que permita hacer más competitivo el mercado.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudio Agostini, 2005. "El Mercado de Transporte Aéreo: Lecciones para Chile de una Revisión de la Literatura," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv163, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  • Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv163
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    Cited by:

    1. Agostini, Claudio & Saavedra, Eduardo H., 2013. "Chile: Port congestion and efficient rationing in cargo transfer operations," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.

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    Keywords

    mercado transporte aéreo; aerolíneas; transporte aéreo pasajeros;

    JEL classification:

    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation

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