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Airline Schedule Recovery after Airport Closures: Empirical Evidence since September 11

Author

Listed:
  • Nicholas G. Rupp

    () (Department of Economics, East Carolina University)

  • George M. Holmes

    (University of North Carolina)

  • Jeff DeSimone

    (Department of Economics, University of South Florida)

Abstract

Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, repeated airport closures due to security breaches have imposed substantial costs on travelers, airlines, and government agencies in terms of flight delays and cancellations. Using data from the year following September 11, this study examines how airlines recover flight schedules upon reopening of airports that have been closed for security reasons. As such, this is the first study to empirically examine service quality during irregular airport operations. Our results indicate that economic considerations, particularly the potential revenue per flight, have predictable effects on service quality following airport closures. Airport concentration, hub destination, and various logistical factors also significantly influence flight outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas G. Rupp & George M. Holmes & Jeff DeSimone, 2005. "Airline Schedule Recovery after Airport Closures: Empirical Evidence since September 11," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 800-820, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:71:4:y:2005:p:800-820
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Borenstein, Severin & Netz, Janet, 1999. "Why do all the flights leave at 8 am?: Competition and departure-time differentiation in airline markets," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 611-640, July.
    2. Kim, E Han & Singal, Vijay, 1993. "Mergers and Market Power: Evidence from the Airline Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 549-569, June.
    3. Stephen Foreman, 1999. "Publication of Information and Market Response: The Case of Airline on Time Performance Reports," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 14(2), pages 147-162, March.
    4. Thengvall, Benjamin G. & Yu, Gang & Bard, Jonathan F., 2001. "Multiple fleet aircraft schedule recovery following hub closures," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 289-308, May.
    5. Christopher Mayer & Todd Sinai, "undated". "Network Effects, Congestion Externalities, and Air Traffic Delays: Or Why All Delays Are Not Evil," Zell/Lurie Center Working Papers 393, Wharton School Samuel Zell and Robert Lurie Real Estate Center, University of Pennsylvania.
    6. Jan K. Brueckner, 2002. "Airport Congestion When Carriers Have Market Power," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1357-1375, December.
    7. Nicholas G. Rupp & Douglas H. Owens & L. Wayne Plumly, "undated". "Does Competition Influence Airline On-Time Performance?," Working Papers 0301, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
    8. repec:bin:bpeajo:v:20:y:1989:i:1989-3:p:61-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Nick Rupp & Mark Holmes, "undated". "Why Are So Many Flights Canceled?," Working Papers 0204, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Carl Bonham & Christopher Edmonds & James Mak, 2006. "The Impact of 9/11 and Other Terrible Global Events on Tourism in the U.S. and Hawaii," Economics Study Area Working Papers 87, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
    2. Ahlfeldt Gabriel M. & Franke Bastian & Maennig Wolfgang, 2015. "Terrorism and International Tourism: The Case of Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 235(1), pages 3-21, February.
    3. Ito, Harumi & Lee, Darin, 2005. "Assessing the impact of the September 11 terrorist attacks on U.S. airline demand," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 75-95.
    4. repec:eee:touman:v:59:y:2017:i:c:p:449-466 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Greenfield, Daniel, 2014. "Competition and service quality: New evidence from the airline industry," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 80-89.
    6. Claudio Agostini, 2005. "El Mercado de Transporte Aéreo: Lecciones para Chile de una Revisión de la Literatura," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv163, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation

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