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Corruption Survey in Croatia: Survey Confidentiality and Trust in Institutions


  • Jelena Budak

    () (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb)

  • Edo Rajh

    () (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb)


In an attempt to explore the linkages between corruption surveys, underreporting corruption experiences and causes of reluctance to report corruption, this paper provides insight into solutions applied to mitigate the underreporting risks in surveying corruption experiences in Croatia. Based on the “Survey on use of public services and public integrity” conducted in Croatia in the summer of 2010, the issue of underreporting corruption is assessed here with a two-fold approach. The study first discusses the various aspects of the survey methodology applied, where the main concerns were the willingness of respondents to report corruption and their perceptions regarding risk of personal data misuse. Potential reluctance to admit involvement in corruption as a criminal act might be driven by a fear of subsequent surveillance or investigation. Further, we investigate the concerns expressed by respondents regarding the misuse of data, in particular with regard to protecting anonymity. The other issue arises from the direct survey results and refers to citizens’ attitudes and reasons for (not) reporting crime to official institutions. The analysis particularly focuses on reporting corruption experiences, both formally and informally. The results of the survey show a very high level of citizens’ opportunism and lack of public trust in institutions that might impede anti-corruption efforts in Croatia.

Suggested Citation

  • Jelena Budak & Edo Rajh, 2012. "Corruption Survey in Croatia: Survey Confidentiality and Trust in Institutions," Working Papers 1201, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb.
  • Handle: RePEc:iez:wpaper:1201

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Niclas Berggren & Henrik Jordahl, 2006. "Free to Trust: Economic Freedom and Social Capital," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 141-169, May.
    2. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World; Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures," IMF Working Papers 98/63, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Jensen, Nathan M. & Li, Quan & Rahman, Aminur, 2007. "Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter : understanding corruption using cross-national firm-level surveys," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4413, The World Bank.
    4. Paolo Mauro, 1995. "Corruption and Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(3), pages 681-712.
    5. Reinikka, Ritva & Svensson, Jakob, 2006. "Using Micro-Surveys to Measure and Explain Corruption," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 359-370, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ipf:psejou:v:41:y:2017:i:4:p:387-420 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ana Stipčić & Tanja Ćorić & Marijan Erceg & Frane Mihanović & Ivana Kolčić & Ozren Polašek, 2015. "Socioeconomic inequalities show remarkably poor association with health and disease in Southern Croatia," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 60(4), pages 417-426, May.

    More about this item


    corruption experience; trust in institutions; reporting crime; Croatia;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • H83 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Public Administration


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