The Two-tier foreign exchange market and the conduct of monetary policy: The Belgian case during Bretton-Woods era
This paper attempts to better understand the monetary policy decisions under the Belgian two-tier foreign exchange market during the Bretton-Woods system. Whereas this type of market organisation aimed at insulating the domestic currency from (speculative) capital flows, it is questioned whether monetary authorities did (or not) really pay attention to the free market when setting the monetary policy interest rate in practice. Using a Taylor-rule type approach, it is shown that the volatility of the spread between the two segments of the foreign exchange market has played a growing role in the interest rate dynamics over time. Moreover, a Markov switching model applied to the data provides evidence of two separate periods towards the collapse of the Bretton-Woods System, during which the monetary policy concerns have gradually changed.
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- John B. Taylor, 1999. "A Historical Analysis of Monetary Policy Rules," NBER Chapters,in: Monetary Policy Rules, pages 319-348 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Shengzu Wang & Jagdish Handa, 2007. "Monetary policy rules under a fixed exchange rate regime: empirical evidence from China," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(12), pages 941-950.
- Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
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