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Volumen y calidad de la infraestructura y la distribución del ingreso: investigación empírica

  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • César Calderón

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Ofrecemos elementos de juicio sobre el vínculo entre el desarrollo de la infraestructura y la distribución del ingreso durante el período de 1960 a 1995. Para ello empleamos varias variables sustitutivas, tales como vías de comunicación, ferrocarriles, telecomunicaciones y mediciones de energía. El enfoque es amplio, ya que se aplican métodos de varios países y de panel. En el último caso, aplicamos métodos de panel dinámico GMM, para poder minimizar los problemas de endogeneidad. Tanto la cantidad de infraestructura como la calidad de la misma guardan una vinculación negativa con la desigualdad del ingreso. El vínculo cuantitativo tiende a ser más fuerte en países en desarrollo que el vínculo cualitativo. Estos hallazgos se verifican cuando se emplean otros métodos econométricos y con la mayoría de las mediciones de infraestructura. .

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4264.

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Date of creation: Apr 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4264
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