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Inmigración ilegal, aplicación de la ley en la frontera y salarios relativos: elementos de juicio sobre las detenciones en la frontera entre EE.UU. y México

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  • Gordon H. Hanson
  • Antonio Spilimbergo

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se analizan los factores determinantes de la inmigración ilegal hacia EE. UU. desde México desde 1976 hasta 1995. El principal problema de este trabajo empírico es que las observaciones no son de la cantidad de personas que tratan de entrar ilegalmente a EE. UU. , sino del número de las detenidas en el intento de cruzar ilícitamente la frontera entre EE. UU. y México. Basándonos en un modelo simple de la decisión individual de emigrar, sugerimos la existencia de una función de detenciones, que expresa el número de detenciones realizadas en la frontera entre México y EE. UU. como función del número de intentos ilícitos de cruzar la frontera y el grado en que el gobierno estadounidense aplica la ley en la frontera.

Suggested Citation

  • Gordon H. Hanson & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1996. "Inmigración ilegal, aplicación de la ley en la frontera y salarios relativos: elementos de juicio sobre las detenciones en la frontera entre EE.UU. y México," Research Department Publications 4037, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4037
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    1. George J. Borjas, 1992. "National Origin and the Skills of Immigrants in the Postwar Period," NBER Chapters,in: Immigration and the Workforce: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas, pages 17-48 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Burda, Michael C, 1995. "Migration and the Option Value of Waiting," CEPR Discussion Papers 1229, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1985. "International Trade and Labor Migration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 691-707, September.
    4. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
    5. Shaw, R Paul, 1986. "Fiscal versus Traditional Market Variables in Canadian Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 648-666, June.
    6. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Freeman & Kevin Lang, 1991. "Undocumented Mexican-born Workers in the United States: How Many, How Permanent?," NBER Chapters,in: Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market, pages 77-100 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, June.
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