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Hogares encabezados por mujeres y propiedad de la vivienda en América Latina

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  • Nestor Gandelman

Abstract

El sexo del cabeza de familia se ha tratado a menudo como un factor determinante exógeno de la propiedad de la vivienda. En este trabajo se sostiene que hay varios factores determinantes de la propiedad de la vivienda que también inciden en el papel de cabeza de familia y que la incapacidad de dar cuenta de esta endogeneidad conduce a resultados incongruentes. En este trabajo se demuestra, empleando datos de nivel individual de Chile, Honduras y Nicaragua, que aunque en promedio las mujeres tienen menos probabilidades de ser propietarias de vivienda, es más probable que las mujeres que son cabeza de familia (solteras, separadas o divorciadas) lleguen a ser propietarias de vivienda. De modo que el análisis a nivel de hogar debe controlar la endogeneidad del cabeza de familia para poder analizar adecuadamente el efecto del sexo en la tenencia de la vivienda. Se emplea un modelo de probit bivariante para hallar pruebas de que las familias encabezadas por una mujer tienen una menor probabilidad de alcanzar la propiedad de la vivienda en los países latinoamericanos. Sin el control de endogeneidad, este resultado no estuvo presente en ocho países.

Suggested Citation

  • Nestor Gandelman, 2008. "Hogares encabezados por mujeres y propiedad de la vivienda en América Latina," Research Department Publications 3253, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3253
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