IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/idb/wpaper/1004.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La competitividad de Perú después de la década de reforma: Diagnóstico y propuestas

Author

Listed:
  • Alberto Melo

Abstract

Este trabajo evalúa la competitividad actual de Perú, que logró avances importantes durante la década de los 90 como resultado de reformas estructuras y el mejoramiento del manejo macroeconómico, y propone estrategias para seguir aumentando la competitividad del país. Los determinantes de la competitividad considerados incluyen los siguientes: i) los recursos productivos, ii) la calidad y productividad de los mismos, iii) la eficiencia con que operan sus mercados, iv) el estado de su infraestructura, v) la capacidad de innovación tecnológica de sus empresas y la productividad de su sistema nacional de innovación, vi) la percepción existente entre los inversionistas acerca de su estabilidad macroeconómica a largo plazo, vii) la fortaleza de sus instituciones y viii) la percepción de los inversionistas acerca de su estabilidad política a largo plazo. Para que Perú eleve su nivel de competitividad a lo largo del próximo quinquenio, el trabajo propone seis tareas estratégicas en las cuales debe concentrarse el esfuerzo de políticas públicas, que son las siguientes: i) eliminar la inestabilidad de las reglas de juego de la actividad económica del sector privado; ii) elevar la calidad de la educación e incrementar la capacitación laboral; iii) mejorar la infraestructura de transporte; iv) eliminar la corrupción en la administración pública; v) continuar la reforma de la administración de justicia, con el objetivo central de constituir al Poder Judicial en un bastión de seguridad jurídica para la actividad económica privada; y vi) realizar reformas del sistema financiero que hagan posible un acceso más amplio al crédito, así como reformas del mercado de capitales que faciliten la financiación de la inversión en capital fijo.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Melo, 2003. "La competitividad de Perú después de la década de reforma: Diagnóstico y propuestas," Research Department Publications 1004, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:1004
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=C-105&pub_file_name=pubC-105.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408.
    2. Joel Bogdanski & Alexandre Antonio Tombini & Sergio R. Da C. Werlang, 2001. "Implementing Inflation Targeting in Brazil," Money Affairs, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(1), pages 1-23, January-J.
    3. Aghion, Philippe & Bacchetta, Philippe & Banerjee, Abhijit, 2001. "Currency crises and monetary policy in an economy with credit constraints," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 1121-1150.
    4. Alesina, Alberto & Hausmann, Ricardo & Hommes, Rudolf & Stein, Ernesto, 1999. "Budget institutions and fiscal performance in Latin America," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 253-273, August.
    5. Barro, Robert J, 1979. "On the Determination of the Public Debt," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 940-971, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Irina Denisova & Markus Eller & Timothy Frye & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2007. "Who Wants to Revise Privatization and Why? Evidence from 28 Post-Communist Countries," Working Papers w0105, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:1004. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Felipe Herrera Library). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/iadbbus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.