Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions of Multinational Firms. New Firm-Level Evidence
FDI is an important channel for productivity spillovers across economies. But productivity and employment effects of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) on multinational firms are rather unclear and much disputed. We empirically analyze the effects of cross-border M&A on the performance of multinationals in Germany using new data on the firm-level. In order to control for possible selection biases we use a propensity score matching approach. We find that, first, foreign-owned multinationals are smaller but more productive than their domestic counterparts in the mean. But controlling for differences in the industrial composition and firm size, foreign-owned multinationals are larger in terms of capital, sales, and value added. The difference of total factor productivity amounts to 6 %. Second, multinationals show quite heterogeneous performances after cross-border M&A. Third, we do not find an average causal effect of cross-border M&A on the employment of the acquired multinational firm. But most importantly, the causal effect of cross-border M&A on the multinationals’ productivity is positive and significant.
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- Christian Bellak & Michael Pfaffermayr & Michael Wild, 2006. "Firm Performance after Ownership Change: A Matching Estimator Approach," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 52(1), pages 29-54.
- Bandick, Roger & Karpaty, Patrick, 2007.
"Foregin Acquisition and Employment Effects in Swedish Manufacturing,"
2007:10, Örebro University, School of Business.
- Roger Bandick & Patrik Karpaty, . "Foreign Acquisition and Employment Effects in Swedish Manufacturing," Discussion Papers 07/35, University of Nottingham, GEP.
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