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Redirecting International Trade: Contracts, Conflicts, and Institutions

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The global financial crisis has accelerated the redirection of trade towards new markets, outside the OECD area, where both demand patterns and the institutional environment differ from those in the OECD. This study provides an empirical examination of the consequences of this shift. Results suggest that weak institutions hamper trade and reduces the length of trade relations, especially for small firms. Furthermore, trade in industries that are characterized by a high degree of trade conflicts and that requires extensive relationship specific investments for trade to occur are comparatively difficult to redirect towards markets with weak institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Kokko, Ari & Söderlund, Bengt & Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik, 2013. "Redirecting International Trade: Contracts, Conflicts, and Institutions," Ratio Working Papers 226, The Ratio Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0226
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    Keywords

    Exports; Offshoring; Trade; Institutions; Conflicts; Contracts;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • K00 - Law and Economics - - General - - - General (including Data Sources and Description)
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies

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