Effects of Tax on Investment Portfolios and Financial Markets Under Mixed Integer Stochastic Programming
This paper investigates the micro and macro effects of income tax on large scale portfolio optimization. Stochastic integer programming is used to optimize post-tax large-scale portfolios when the global market is segmented by regional tax rules. A broad range of realistic trading rules and inequality constraints as well as a large number of assets are considered. The increased complexity and scale of the problem renders theoretical methods infeasible. A new numerical approach based on basic Greedy heuristics, in which integer and non-linear restrictions are considered simultaneously, is proposed. The superiority of this approach is demonstrated through a comparison with extant BONMINâ€™s Branch-and-Bound (B&B) methods, for problems with up to 288 assets whereas previous efforts under mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) were limited to 200 assets. The approach is used to test and extend extant theoretical work on post-tax portfolio management. The same generic conclusion that taxation affects the portfolio composition dramatically, is reached, but the new approach reveals greater detail of the implications of the combination of various factors. A study of price effects finds that market equilibrium prices are affected by relative as well as absolute tax rates across assets and global regions. The implication is that the market's response to tax rate changes across assets and countries can now, at least partially, be predictable prior to implementation by government. Investors are also better able to forecast how the markets will react in the short term.
|Date of creation:||2013|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Edinburgh EH14 4AS|
Phone: +44(0)131 451 3497
Fax: +44(0)131 451 3497
Web page: http://www.sml.hw.ac.uk/departments/accountancy-economics-finance.htm
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Dammon, Robert M & Green, Richard C, 1987. " Tax Arbitrage and the Existence of Equilibrium Prices for Financial Assets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(5), pages 1143-1166, December.
- Harry Markowitz, 1952. "Portfolio Selection," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 7(1), pages 77-91, 03.
- Birge, John R. & Yang, Song, 2007. "A model for tax advantages of portfolios with many assets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(11), pages 3269-3290, November.
- Gondzio, Jacek & Grothey, Andreas, 2007. "Solving non-linear portfolio optimization problems with the primal-dual interior point method," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 181(3), pages 1019-1029, September.
- Pierre Bonami & Miguel Lejeune, 2009. "An Exact Solution Approach for Integer Constrained Portfolio Optimization Problems Under Stochastic Constraints," Post-Print hal-00421756, HAL.
- Constantinides, George M, 1983. "Capital Market Equilibrium with Personal Tax," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(3), pages 611-636, May.
- Osorio, Maria A. & Gulpinar, Nalan & Rustem, Berc & Settergren, Reuben, 2004. "Post-tax optimization with stochastic programming," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 157(1), pages 152-168, August.
- Elton, Edwin J. & Gruber, Martin J., 1978. "Taxes and portfolio composition," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 399-410, December.
- Litzenberger, Robert H & Ramaswamy, Krishna, 1980. " Dividends, Short Selling Restrictions, Tax-Induced Investor Clienteles and Market Equilibrium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(2), pages 469-482, May.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hwe:cfidps:1304. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Colin Miller)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.