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Illiquidity and Derivative Valuation

  • Ulrich Horst
  • Felix Naujokat

In illiquid markets, option traders may have an incentive to increase their portfolio value by using their impact on the dynamics of the underlying. We provide a mathematical framework within which to value derivatives under market impact in a multi-player framework by introducing strategic interactions into the model of Almgren and Chriss (2001). Specifically, we consider a financial market model with several strategically interacting players that hold European contingent claims and whose trading decisions have an impact on the price evolution of the underlying. We establish existence and uniqueness of equilibrium results for risk neutral and CARA investors and show that the equilibrium dynamics can be characterized in terms of a coupled system of possibly non-linear PDEs. For the linear cost function used in Almgren and Chriss (2001), we obtain a (semi) closed form solution. Analyzing this solution, we show how market manipulation can be reduced.

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Paper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany in its series SFB 649 Discussion Papers with number SFB649DP2010-011.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2010-011
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  1. Schoeneborn, Torsten & Schied, Alexander, 2007. "Liquidation in the Face of Adversity: Stealth Vs. Sunshine Trading, Predatory Trading Vs. Liquidity Provision," MPRA Paper 5548, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Michael Gallmeyer & Duane Seppi, . "Derivative Security Induced Price Manipulation," GSIA Working Papers 2000-E41, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  3. Aur\'elien Alfonsi & Antje Fruth & Alexander Schied, 2007. "Optimal execution strategies in limit order books with general shape functions," Papers 0708.1756, arXiv.org, revised Feb 2010.
  4. Alexander Schied & Torsten Schöneborn, 2009. "Risk aversion and the dynamics of optimal liquidation strategies in illiquid markets," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 181-204, April.
  5. Bruce Ian Carlin & Miguel Sousa Lobo & S. Viswanathan, 2007. "Episodic Liquidity Crises: Cooperative and Predatory Trading," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 62(5), pages 2235-2274, October.
  6. Jarrow, Robert A., 1994. "Derivative Security Markets, Market Manipulation, and Option Pricing Theory," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(02), pages 241-261, June.
  7. Gur Huberman & Werner Stanzl, 2004. "Price Manipulation and Quasi-Arbitrage," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(4), pages 1247-1275, 07.
  8. Kumar, Praveen & Seppi, Duane J, 1992. " Futures Manipulation with "Cash Settlement."," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1485-502, September.
  9. Joel M. Vanden, 2005. "Digital Contracts and Price Manipulation," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(5), pages 1891-1916, September.
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