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Foreign Direct Investment and Trade in Japan: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Establishment and Enterprise Census for 1996

Author

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  • Ito, Keiko
  • Fukao, Kyoji

Abstract

Using micro-data of the Establishment and Enterprise Census, we compile new statistics on the employment of Japanese affiliates of foreign firms at the 3-digit industry level for the year 1996. We find that the existing official statistics severely underestimate inward FDI. Nevertheless, the level of inward FDI in Japan is much lower than that in the United States. The results of our regression analyses imply that by eliminating the restrictions on inward FDI and reducing government activities, Japan can increase inward FDI in the service sector. Our results also suggest that the keiretsu do not act as an impediment to inward FDI.

Suggested Citation

  • Ito, Keiko & Fukao, Kyoji, 2003. "Foreign Direct Investment and Trade in Japan: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Establishment and Enterprise Census for 1996," Discussion Paper Series a441, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:a441
    Note: Revised version, July 2003, Bibliography: p. 36-40, Running title: Foreign Direct Investment in Japan
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. ITO Keiko, 2011. "Entry of Foreign Multinational Firms and Productivity Growth of Domestic Firms: The case of Japanese firms," Discussion papers 11063, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Kyoji Fukao & Yukako Murakami, 2003. "Do Foreign Firms Bring Greater Total Factor Productivity to Japan?," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d03-04, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    3. Tanaka, Kiyoyasu, 2015. "The impact of foreign firms on industrial productivity : evidence from Japan," IDE Discussion Papers 533, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    4. Fukao, Kyoji & Ito, Keiko & Kwon, Hyeog Ug, 2005. "Do out-in M&As bring higher TFP to Japan? An empirical analysis based on micro-data on Japanese manufacturing firms," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 272-301, June.
    5. Kyoji Fukao & Tomohiko Inui & Hiroki Kawai & Tsutomu Miyagawa, 2004. "Sectoral Productivity and Economic Growth in Japan, 1970-98: An Empirical Analysis Based on the JIP Database," NBER Chapters,in: Growth and Productivity in East Asia, NBER-East Asia Seminar on Economics, Volume 13, pages 177-228 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Serge REY & Jacques JAUSSAUD, 2012. "FDI to Japan and Trade Flows: A Comparison of BRICs, Asian Tigers and Developed Countries," Working Papers 2011-2012_6, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Mar 2012.
    7. TANAKA Kiyoyasu, 2015. "The Impact of Foreign Firms on Industrial Productivity: A Bayesian-model averaging approach," Discussion papers 15009, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Kyoji Fukao & Keiko Ito & Hyeog Ug Kwon & Miho Takizawa, 2008. "Cross-Border Acquisitions and Target Firms' Performance: Evidence from Japanese Firm-Level Data," NBER Chapters,in: International Financial Issues in the Pacific Rim: Global Imbalances, Financial Liberalization, and Exchange Rate Policy (NBER-EASE Volume 17), pages 347-389 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. 深尾, 京司, 2002. "黒字大国終焉論の誤解," Discussion Paper 97, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    10. WAKASUGI Ryuhei & TODO Yasuyuki & SATO Hitoshi & NISHIOKA Shuichiro & MATSUURA Toshiyuki & ITO Banri & TANAKA Ayumu, 2008. "The Internationalization of Japanese Firms: New Findings Based on Firm-Level Data," Discussion papers 08036, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; Services Trade; Keiretsu; GATS;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General

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