IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Rebuilding the State in Areas Affected by Political Violence: The Case of Rural Communities in Ayacucho, Peru

Listed author(s):
  • Jackeline Velazco


    (University of Juba)

During the 1980s, the Peruvian society was deeply affected by two significant events: a) the economic crisis that ended in recession and hyperinflation and, b) the spread of political violence, in particular in Ayacucho, in the central Andean highlands. Taking this into account, the conditions for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of those areas affected by political violence were reviewed from an economic approach. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the role of the State in the rehabilitation process of the rural communities in Ayacucho, with special attention on the advantages and limitations of a decentralization program. The analysis was made at the micro and macro levels. For the micro level, asset and vulnerability approach was used, and at the macro level, decentralization was considered to be the main link for the new relationship between the State and the rural communities. As a result of this two-fold analysis, it could be concluded that the simple creation and provision of social infrastructure, does not ensure a sustainable improvement in population well being. It is necessary, therefore, to have at the same time an effective policy for productive investments focused on an increase in the quantity and quality of productive assets and of the human and social capital that will enhance agriculture and livestock, the two main activities in Ayacucho. This should be given together with the required institutional strengthening. It is expected that public expenditure create the conditions required for an efficient allocation of resources needed for a reconstruction based on a development strategy. The advantages of this proposal are: i) to identify easily the local problems and potentialities, ii) to encourage local participation in municipal management, and iii) to reduce information costs by promoting effective coordination among the public and private actors thus avoiding the role duplication.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 159.

in new window

Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:159
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:159. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alia Aghajanian)

or ()

or ()

or ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.